Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs

The Encyclopaedia of Islam (Second Edition) Online sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live. 

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Foggara

(5 words)

[see ḳanāt ].

Folklore

(7 words)

[see ḥikāya , taḳālīd ].

Fondouk

(5 words)

[see funduḳ ].

Food

(5 words)

[see g̲h̲id̲h̲āʾ ].

Foreign Affairs

(6 words)

[see k̲h̲ārid̲j̲iyya ].

Forests

(5 words)

[see g̲h̲āba ].

Fornication

(5 words)

[see zināʾ ].

Fortification

(13 words)

[see burd̲j̲ , ḥiṣār , ḥiṣn , ḳalʿa , sūr ].

Fostat

(5 words)

[see al-fuṣtāt ].

Fouad

(5 words)

[see fuʾād ].

Foulbé

(5 words)

[see fulbé ].

Fountain

(5 words)

[see sabīl ].

Fraga

(5 words)

[see ifrag̲h̲a ].

Franks

(5 words)

[see al-ifrand̲j̲ ].

Fraxinetum

(342 words)

Author(s): Ed.
was in the middle ages the name of the village now called La-Garde-Freinet, lying in a gap in the Mt. des Maures (département of Var, France). This locality only finds a place in this Encyclopaedia because it was occupied for 80 years by Muslim pirates who had come from Spain between 278-81/891-4. Having gained a footing in the gulf of Saint-Tropez, they occupied a natural fortress (Fraxinet, Freinet) near the modern village of La-Garde-Freinet; “soon reinforced by new groups from the Iberian peninsula, the invaders visited the county of Fréjus with fire and the sword, ¶ and sacked the ch…

Freedom

(7 words)

[see d̲j̲umḥuriyya , ḥurriya ].

Freemasonry

(7 words)

[see farāmūs̲h̲-k̲h̲āna , farmāsūniyya ].

Free Will

(8 words)

[see ik̲h̲tiyār , ḳadar ].

Frieze

(7 words)

[see k̲h̲irḳa , ṣūf ].

Frontier

(13 words)

[see ʿawāṣim , g̲h̲āzī , murābiṭ , ribāṭ , t̲h̲ug̲h̲ūr ].
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