Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

Get access Subject: Middle East And Islamic Studies

Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Devin J. Stewart.

With Roger Allen, Edith Ambros, Thomas Bauer, Johann Büssow, Carl Davila, Ruth Davis, Ahmed El Shamsy, Maribel Fierro, Najam Haider, Konrad Hirschler, Nico Kaptein, Alexander Knysh, Corinne Lefèvre, Scott Levi, Roman Loimeier, Daniela Meneghini, Negin Nabavi, M'hamed Oualdi, D. Fairchild Ruggles, Ignacio Sánchez, and Ayman Shihadeh.

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The Third Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam is an entirely new work, which sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World and reflects the great diversity of current scholarship. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.

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(1,082 words)

Author(s): Woltering, Robbert
Occidentalism (istighrāb) refers broadly to stereotyped images of “the West” as a metageographical concept. Studies of occidentalism are few, compared with the many studies reflecting on orientalism and its cultural reifications. A reason for this lies in the imbalance of power that leads academics to study the orientalist discourse in its context of Western hegemony, more than occidentalism in its various contexts of relative marginalisation. This has, in turn, produced an imbalance of knowledge about the means and functions of othering in various parts of the world. Since the la…
Date: 2023-01-04


(4,600 words)

Author(s): Golden, Peter B.
The Oghuz tribal union derived from groups within the Türk Qaghanate; they were led by a Yabghu and inhabited the Syr Darya–Aral Sea region. The Eastern Old Turkic (EOT) ethnonym Oghuz initially denoted a kinship grouping (cf. Chin. 九 姓 Jiu Xing “Nine Surnames/clans” translated into Chinese as Toquz Oghuz [“The Nine Oghuz”]). Its earliest attestation may be Hujie 呼揭 (Old Chin. hâ/hâh gat, Early Middle Chin. xɔ gɨat) or Wujie 烏揭 (Old Chin. ʔâ gat/kat, Early Middle Chin. ʔɔ gɨat), which may transcribe *Hagaŕ (Oghur? the Western Old Turkic [WOT] variant of Oghuz), a people con…
Date: 2021-07-19


(1,975 words)

Author(s): Landa, Ishayahu
Ögödei (also Ögedey, Arab./Pers. Hūkutāī, Ūgitāī, Ūkitāī, Ch. Wokuotai, 窩闊, r. 626–39/1229–41) was Chinggis Khān’s (Ghengis Khan, d. 626/1229) heir and the first Chinggisid ruler to have assumed the title of qaʾan (Turk. qaghan, “supreme ruler”). He was the conqueror of the Jin dynasty and of Eastern Europe and the consolidator of the institutions of the United Mongol Empire (602–57/1206–59). He was Chinggis Khān’s third son from his chief wife Börte Füjin. The Yuanshi claims Ögödei died at the age of fifty-six; it is plausible that he was born around 580/1185 (Song …
Date: 2022-09-21