Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

Get access Subject: Middle East And Islamic Studies

Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Devin J. Stewart.

With Roger Allen, Edith Ambros, Thomas Bauer, Johann Büssow, Carl Davila, Ruth Davis, Ahmed El Shamsy, Maribel Fierro, Najam Haider, Konrad Hirschler, Nico Kaptein, Alexander Knysh, Corinne Lefèvre, Scott Levi, Roman Loimeier, Daniela Meneghini, Negin Nabavi, M'hamed Oualdi, D. Fairchild Ruggles, Ignacio Sánchez, and Ayman Shihadeh.

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The Third Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam is an entirely new work, which sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World and reflects the great diversity of current scholarship. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.

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Uluboy, Abdülbaki Fevzi

(491 words)

Author(s): Procházka-Eisl, Gisela
Abdülbaki Fevzi (ʿAbd al-Bāqī Fawzī) Uluboy (1885–1956), a Turkish poet, was born in Çorum, in north-central Anatolia, where he received his basic education. He continued with private lessons in Arabic, French, Persian, history, and law, and in 1909, he began working as a teacher. He was first employed in Çorum, then in several other Turkish towns (İzmit, İnebolu, Kastamo…
Date: 2021-07-19

ʿUmar b. Hubayra

(710 words)

Author(s): Judd, Steven C.
ʿUmar b. Hubayra (d. between 105/724 and 107/726) was an Umayyad military leader who served as governor of Iraq during the reign of the Umayyad caliph Yazīd b. ʿAbd al-Malik (r. 101–5/720–24). He is generally described as a fierce partisan of the Qays tribal bloc, though his initial success as a military leader came during the reign of ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (r. 99–101/717–20), whom modern historians consider to be pro-Yemeni. Feuds between these two vaguely-defined tribal blocs often serve as explanations for conflicts in early Islamic history. He first appears in the sources as l…
Date: 2021-07-19

United Kingdom, Muslims in the

(3,736 words)

Author(s): Ansari, Humayun
Contrary to popular perceptions of religious homogeneity, Muslims in the United Kingdom represent a microcosm of Islam’s global diversity, a consequence of the fact that over the last 150 years Muslims have migrated to the British Isles from many different parts of the world. 1. The Pre-Second World War Muslim presence The first relatively permanent Muslim populations to settle in the UK consisted primarily of sailors but also included merchants, itinerant entertainers, servants, princes, students, and a sprinkling from the professional classes. The vast majority was in some way connected with the Empire. While motives for migration for the majority were largely economic, some arrived seeking political refuge, others in search of adventure and knowledge. One significant group were maritime workers from Asia. With Aden a refuelling stop for ships and following the opening of Suez Canal in 1869, by 1914 an estimated 51,000 had landed at ports in Britain annually. The First World War triggered an enormous demand for civilian manpower to replace enlisted men. Muslim seamen, attracted by higher wages on offer in the UK, were recruited, as were workers to fill jobs in wartime industries. By the 1920s, these Muslims represented a significant element in dockside working-class communities, where they encountered considerable antipathy that tended either to separate them from their European counterparts, encapsulating them into distinct groups, or to integrate them through co-habitation and marriage with indigenous local communities, dissolving the ties that had previously bound the migra…
Date: 2021-07-19