Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

Get access Subject: Middle East And Islamic Studies

Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Devin J. Stewart.

With Roger Allen, Edith Ambros, Thomas Bauer, Johann Büssow, Carl Davila, Ruth Davis, Ahmed El Shamsy, Maribel Fierro, Najam Haider, Konrad Hirschler, Nico Kaptein, Alexander Knysh, Corinne Lefèvre, Scott Levi, Roman Loimeier, Daniela Meneghini, Negin Nabavi, M'hamed Oualdi, D. Fairchild Ruggles, Ignacio Sánchez, and Ayman Shihadeh.

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The Third Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam is an entirely new work, which sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World and reflects the great diversity of current scholarship. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.

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(831 words)

Author(s): Heß, Michael R.
Xǝtai (Khaṭāʾī) is the pen name of Shāh Ismāʿīl I (Şah İsmayıl, r. 907–30/1501–24), the founder of the Ṣafavid dynasty and one of the most influential Azerbaijani poets. An obvious translation of the nom de plume Xǝtai is “the mistaken one.” In this sense, the name seems to reflect remorse, possibly about own mistakes that have been committed in the past. Shāh Ismāʿīl I used his native Azerbaijani language (Azeri) for the bulk of his work. His divan ( dīvān, collection of one poet’s poems) in Azerbaijani is composed in the ǝ ruz (ʿarūḍ) system, based on syllable length. However, several…
Date: 2021-07-19