Encyclopaedia of Judaism

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies
General Editors: Jacob Neusner, Alan J. Avery-Peck and William Scott Green

Help us improve our service

The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers more than 200 entries comprising more than 1,000,000 words and is a unique reference tool.  The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and systematic presentation of the current state of scholarship on fundamental issues of Judaism, both past and present. While heavy emphasis is placed on the classical literature of Judaism and its history, the Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online also includes principal entries on circumcision, genetic engineering, homosexuality, intermarriage in American Judaism, and other acutely contemporary issues. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it reflects the highest standards in scholarship. Covering a tradition of nearly four thousand years, some of the most distinguished scholars in the field describe the way of life, history, art, theology, philosophy, and the practices and beliefs of the Jewish people.

Subscriptions: see brill.com

Holocaust, Judaic Theology and the

(10,207 words)

Author(s): Katz, Steven T.
The intentional murder of six million Jews during World War II—called the Holocaust or Shoah—raises a host of fundamental theological questions. Some of the most pressing methodologically and philosophically are: (1) What is the status of “history,” of historical events, in Jewish thought? This is to ask: is Judaism a historical religion? If yes, can historical events disconfirm Judaism's basic theological affirmations? (2) How does one weigh and evaluate good and evil as historical phenomena vis a vis theological judgments? (3) How does one divide up and evaluate the meanin…

Holocaust, Practice of Judaism during the

(9,949 words)

Author(s): Garber, Zev
Since the end of WWII, the Holocaust's unprecedented levels of murder and destruction have challenged, and, for some, destroyed, traditional belief in a caring and providential God. But what of those Jews who lived, and died, in the period of the Nazi atrocities? In what ways and to what ends did they continue to maintain Jewish belief and to lead Jewish lives? The following analysis of the practice of Judaism in the ghettos and camps shows that, even as the faith of many of the Nazis' victims w…

Homosexuality in Judaism

(11,661 words)

Author(s): Lamm, Norman
What does Judaism, speaking out of its classical sources, have to say about the phenomenon of homosexuality? To answer this question, we must first view homosexuality against the background of the general changes in moral attitudes in the course of time and, as well, in the context of contemporary life in the Western world. While a full answer would require a volume or several volumes, we will need to make do with a brief summary before we proceed to explore a Jewish response. First, the complaint that moral restraints are crumbling has a two or three thousand year history in …