Encyclopaedia of Judaism

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies
General Editors: Jacob Neusner, Alan J. Avery-Peck and William Scott Green

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The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers more than 200 entries comprising more than 1,000,000 words and is a unique reference tool.  The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and systematic presentation of the current state of scholarship on fundamental issues of Judaism, both past and present. While heavy emphasis is placed on the classical literature of Judaism and its history, the Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online also includes principal entries on circumcision, genetic engineering, homosexuality, intermarriage in American Judaism, and other acutely contemporary issues. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it reflects the highest standards in scholarship. Covering a tradition of nearly four thousand years, some of the most distinguished scholars in the field describe the way of life, history, art, theology, philosophy, and the practices and beliefs of the Jewish people.

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Hygiene in Rabbinic Judaism

(9,616 words)

Author(s): Hüttermann, Aloys
Hygiene is the application of scientific knowledge to the preservation of health and prevention of the spread of disease. 1 This article therefore covers the laws and precepts of the Jewish scripture concerning the prevention of spread of infectious diseases and their biological background. It will be shown that the Jewish Scriptures, especially the Torah, the Mishnah, and the (Babylonian) Talmud reveal a very advanced state of this discipline in Ancient Israel that was very probably based on a deep knowledge in g…