Encyclopaedia of Judaism

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies
General Editors: Jacob Neusner, Alan J. Avery-Peck and William Scott Green

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The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers more than 200 entries comprising more than 1,000,000 words and is a unique reference tool.  The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and systematic presentation of the current state of scholarship on fundamental issues of Judaism, both past and present. While heavy emphasis is placed on the classical literature of Judaism and its history, the Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online also includes principal entries on circumcision, genetic engineering, homosexuality, intermarriage in American Judaism, and other acutely contemporary issues. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it reflects the highest standards in scholarship. Covering a tradition of nearly four thousand years, some of the most distinguished scholars in the field describe the way of life, history, art, theology, philosophy, and the practices and beliefs of the Jewish people.

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Zionism and Moroccan Judaism

(9,883 words)

Author(s): Toledano, Henry
Defined in broad religious and nationalistic terms, Zionism is the attachment of Jews to the land of Israel, Eretz Yisrael, the messianic yearnings for redemption, the prayer and hope for the restoration of the national homeland, and the ingathering of exiles. Such Zionism is as old as exile itself and has been widespread among all Jews at all times. It antedates the political Zionism of Herzl as well as the spiritual Zionism of Ahad Haʾam. It may be called pre-Herzlian Zionism. A midrash states that the messiah w…

Zionism and Orthodox Judaism

(8,960 words)

Author(s): Ravitzky, Aviezer
The Zionist national revolution confronted traditional Jewry with a unique, unforeseen historical situation: Jewish political sovereignty in the heart of the Holy Land prior to messianic times, under the leadership of non-practicing, rebellious Jews. Moreover, while Zionism began the process of returning the dispersed exiles, this was within a context far removed from the traditional theological concepts of exile and messiah , covenant …