Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World

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Edited by: Philip Ford (†), Jan Bloemendal and Charles Fantazzi

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With its striking range and penetrating depth, Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World traces the enduring history and wide-ranging cultural influence of Neo-Latin, the form of Latin that originated in the Italian Renaissance and persists to the modern era. Featuring original contributions by a host of distinguished international scholars, this comprehensive reference work explores every aspect of the civilized world from literature and law to philosophy and the sciences.


Coins and Medals

(3,760 words)

Author(s): Sacré, Dirk
¶ Modern coins and medals containing Latin words or sentences cannot be disconnected from ancient examples. During the Middle Ages, Roman (and Greek) coins and medals exerted only a limited attraction,…

Collective Biography

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Baker, Patrick
¶ ‘Collective biography’ ( de viris illustribus, kompilatorische Biographik, Sammelbiographie, biographie collective), also called ‘serial biography’ ( Reihenbiographie), refers to a wide variety of writings that gath…

Commentaries on the Bible and Patristics

(1,376 words)

Author(s): Balserak, Jon
¶ Although Neo-Latin biblical commentaries and patristics exhibit similarities with their predecessors and scholastic contemporaries, the qualities that distinguish them are sufficiently impressive to …

Commonplace Books

(7,625 words)

Author(s): Moss, Ann
¶ A primary factor in the formation of the political, social, religious, and literary cultures of the early modern period was the unprecedented dissemination of knowledge in an organised and retrievabl…

Commonplace Books: Major Items in Print

(3,860 words)

Author(s): Moss, Ann
¶ Quantities of printed commonplace books survive, compiled by a great number of editors. The six particularly influential items chosen for analysis below are selected for the following reasons: they w…

Controversy of the Indies

(850 words)

Author(s): Laird, Andrew
¶ The Renaissance debates about the justifications for the conquest of the New World and about the rights of the Indians, which came to a head in the ‘Controversy of the Indies’ in Valladolid, Spain, i…

Conversational Latin: 1650 to the Present

(2,564 words)

Author(s): Minkova, Milena
¶ Toward the end of the seventeenth century Latin was losing its position as a universal language and therefore began to be used less frequently as a language of oral communication. Many complex social…

Conversational Latin to 1650

(5,419 words)

Author(s): Tunberg, Terence
¶ In the Renaissance and early modern age, just as in the Middle Ages which preceded, children destined for the educated elite learned Latin as a non-vernacular language, not merely for the purpose of …

Cosmography and Exploration

(8,621 words)

Author(s): Mund-Dopchie, Monique
Introduction ¶ In the Western imagination, the century of the Great Discoveries is spontaneously and durably associated with the reconnaissance of the coasts of Africa by Portuguese sailors, the colonis…


(9,735 words)

Author(s): Machielsen, Jan
¶ What’s in a name?1 Few would disagree that the early modern period witnessed a ‘refashioning’ of the Catholic Church, generally set to begin in the 1540s, the decade which saw the papal bull establishin…