Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis
Associate Editors: Vit Bubenik, Emilio Crespo, Chris Golston, Alexandra Lianeri, Silvia Luraghi, Stephanos Matthaios

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The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

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Names of Months

(573 words)

Author(s): Valerie Hannon Smitherman
Abstract This article discusses the month-names attested in various forms of the Greek language, beginning with the Mycenaean evidence and continuing through to the Classical period. A brief discussion of the structure of ancient Greek calendars is included as well. Greek months were named after deities honored or festivals held in the times of the year the months delineated (although in later times some city-states used ordinal numerals to refer to months). There was, however, no standard set of these ‒ each community possessed its o…
Date: 2013-11-01

‘Narten’ Presents

(795 words)

Author(s): Sarah Rose
Abstract ‘Narten’ presents (both active and middle) are athematic root forms whose accent remains on the root throughout the paradigm, which displays lengthened/full-grade alternation. This phenomenon was described by Johanna Narten in 1968 and is named in her honor. In her seminal 1968 paper, Johanna Narten studied a specific type of Proto-Indo-European…
Date: 2013-11-01

Nasal Presents

(2,164 words)

Author(s): Davide Bertocci
Abstract The label “nasal presents” identifies those present stems that are built through affixes displaying a nasal element, like, e.g. Gk. zeúgnumi ‘I join’ (suffixation), or tunkhánō ‘I happen to’ (infixation and suffixation). Nasal morphology is part of the strongest IE heritage in the Greek verbal system; in fact, data offers a great deal of variation, both on the main formal parameters and on the functional…
Date: 2013-11-01


(4,619 words)

Author(s): Dagmar Muchnová
Abstract Ancient Greek has two complementary negators, the assertive ou and the prohibitive mḗ. While ou occurs with indicatives, mḗ is used with imperatives and subjunctives. Subordinate clauses, infinitives and participles allow for either ou or mḗ
Date: 2013-11-01

Negation (Morphology)

(624 words)

Author(s): Dagmar Muchnová
Abstract Greek has two ʽnegatorsʼ (negative words) ou and mḗ, classified by different scholars as adverbs or particles, and used in statements and directive expressions, respectively. This distinction also holds true for their compounds. Lexical negation is assured, e.g. by the privative prefix
Date: 2013-11-01


(2,140 words)

Author(s): Rupert Thompson
Abstract (Germ. Junggrammatische Richtung, Junggrammatiker) A school of historical linguists originating in Leipzig in the 1870s primarily remembered for formulating what is today known as the Neogrammarian Regularity Hypothesis, viz. that sound change, when motivated and conditioned only by phonetic factors, is regular and exceptionless at a given time and in a given speech community; and that apparent exceptions can be explained away as the result of other processes. Despite receiving criticism fr…
Date: 2013-11-01

Nestor’s Cup

(1,499 words)

Author(s): Panagiotis Filos
Abstract The so-called ‘Nestor’s Cup’ is a drinking vessel from the late Geometric period (ca 730-710 BCE), which was discovered on the island of Ischia (Naples, Italy) in 1954. The cup bears a three-line inscription, which is probably the second oldest surviving Greek alphabetic text and apparently refers to figures of Greek epic poetry (Aphrodite, Nestor). The so-called ‘Nestor’s Cup’ is a clay drinking cup (Rhodian-style
Date: 2014-01-22


(5 words)

See Conjunction Reduction
Date: 2014-01-27

New Testament

(2,188 words)

Author(s): Stanley E. Porter
Abstract The New Testament is an unstructured corpus of twenty-seven books, written primarily during the late 1st c. CE in a variety of Koine Greek, and reflects several different genres or text-types and registers. …
Date: 2013-11-01