Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics

General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis
Associate Editors: Vit Bubenik, Emilio Crespo, Chris Golston, Alexandra Lianeri, Silvia Luraghi, Stephanos Matthaios

The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

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Doric

(5,360 words)

Author(s): Araceli Striano
Abstract The Doric dialects are a group of Ancient Greek dialects spoken across a vast geographical area that spans from Northern Greece over the Saronic Gulf and the Peloponnese to the islands of the eastern Aegean Sea, and further beyond, in the area of the Black Sea, but also overseas in Northern Africa, Magna Graecia and Sicily. These dialects belong to the group of West Greek. 1. Introduction Like every spoken language, Ancient Greek presents several dialectal varieties from the beginning of its history. The Greek dialects are defined as such because they a…
Date: 2014-01-22

Doric Accentuation

(786 words)

Author(s): Chris Golston
Abstract Doric accentuation refers to the distribution of tones in a dialect centered around Crete, Rhodes, and the south and east of the Peloponnese. The basic pattern is similar to that of Attic-Ionic, but with the high tone one mora (sometimes two) to the right, so that Attic philósophoi ‘philosophers’ shows up as philosóphoi with the high tone on the penultimate syllable rather than the antepenult. Doric Greeks like Stesichorus and Ibycus seem to have had a slightly different pattern of high and low tones in their words than speakers of other dialects.  Thus Attic Greek philósophoi had…
Date: 2013-11-01

Dramatic Meter

(1,967 words)

Author(s): Antonio Guzman
Abstract Dramatic meter in Greek comes in two types, recitative for the actors, and lyric for the chorus. Prosodically it is based on complex patterns of heavy and light (or long and short) syllables, a thoroughly quantitative meter lacking in stress, both in tragedy and in comedy. Metrics is the study of poetic rhythm. In Ancient Greek meter, rhythm is defined quantitatively rather than in terms of stress; for this reason, syllable weight, the opposition between long (heavy) and short (light) syllables, is the central feature in the system.…
Date: 2014-01-22

Drama Translation

(5,067 words)

Author(s): J. Michael Walton
Abstract Translation of any literature from ancient Greek into English presents considerable problems dictated by the distance in time as well as variations in cultural, theological, and moral beliefs. When it comes to the extant plays of the tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, and the comedies of Aristophanes and Menander, such concerns are magnified by the fact that all the plays were originally created for a single performance on a single festival occasion. Only a small portion of …
Date: 2013-11-01

Dual

(782 words)

Author(s): Carlotta Viti
Abstract The distribution of the Ancient Greek dual number is here described in both space and time, and some functional principles that may underlie its decline are identified. A trait of morphological conservatism of Ancient Greek can be seen in its inherited inflection of the dual number, which characterizes nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs, with different morphemes used in different stems. Yet this formal variety is strongly reduced by phenomena of syncretism and analogy. The first declension, for example, shows the - ā ending in the nom./acc. in analogy to the - ō ending of t…
Date: 2013-11-01