Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis
Associate Editors: Vit Bubenik, Emilio Crespo, Chris Golston, Alexandra Lianeri, Silvia Luraghi, Stephanos Matthaios

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The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

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Middle

(790 words)

Author(s): Rutger Allan
Abstract Ancient Greek has three morphologically distinct voice categories: active voice, middle voice and passive voice. The middle voice is morphologically marked with a distinctive set of personal endings: - mai, - sai (or - ēi/-ei), - tai, etc. The middle voice expresses that the subject is physically or psychologically affected by the event (subject-affectedness). The verbal grammatical category voice pertains to the relationship between grammatical roles (Subject, Direct Object) and semantic roles (agent [Agency and Causation], Patient and The…
Date: 2013-11-01

M (index)

(4,343 words)

Maamouri, Mohamed Dependency Grammar and Greek Maas, Paul Bridges | Lyric Meter | Metrical Laws | Metron | Responsion Maassen, Hedde Movable Consonants Macaulay, Thomas B. Homer, Translation Maccabees (Bible) Greek and Hebrew MacDonough, James Databases and Dictionaries [Papyrology and Epigraphy included] Macedonia Aeolic Dialects | Archaisms in Modern Dialects | Atticism | Attitudes to Language | Developments in Medieval and Modern Greek | Language Contact | Language Policies | Late Antiquity Prose | Macedonian | Papyrology Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonian Ma…

Minima

(1,970 words)

Author(s): Chris Golston
Abstract Minima are minimal prosodic requirements placed on words and their parts. In Ancient Greek, lexical roots and the words they form are minimally two moras in length, and the derivational affixes that form new lexical words are minimally one mora. Nonlexical words and inflectional affixes have no minimal requirements. 1. Introduction Many languages place minimal prosodic restrictions on the size of well-formed words, especially on the so-called lexical or open-class words ‒ nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs built from them (Hale 1973; Itô 1990; McCarthy and Prince 1990; P…
Date: 2013-11-01