Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis
Associate Editors: Vit Bubenik, Emilio Crespo, Chris Golston, Alexandra Lianeri, Silvia Luraghi, Stephanos Matthaios

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The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

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Roman Translation of Greek Texts

(4,357 words)

Author(s): Richard Armstrong
Abstract Translation from Greek texts was an integral part of Roman culture from its inception in the 3rd c. BCE well into late antiquity. The Roman literary elite translated less out of dire necessity (given the prevalent bilingualism of the class) than out of a desire to rival the original, giving much Latin translation a particular intensity that goes beyond merely rendering the content of the source text. Pronouncements on translation by Cicero and Jerome have long been a part of the history …
Date: 2014-01-22

Root Structure (and Ablaut)

(2,044 words)

Author(s): Daniel Kölligan
Abstract Ablaut (Fr. apophonie) is the regular change of vowels within a paradigm or between etymologically related word forms. Since any theory of ablaut in Proto-Indo-European (PIE) and its daughter-languages is closely connected with the view one holds about the structure of PIE roots, these topics are treated together: (1.) ablaut; (2.) De Saussure’s laryngeal theory; (3.) root structure; (4.) ablauting roots; followed by (5.) a discussion of what is probably the most influential theory in this area, formulated by É. Benveniste. 1. Ablaut The basic components of the Proto-Indo-E…
Date: 2013-11-01

Rosetta Stone

(814 words)

Author(s): François Gaudard
Abstract The Rosetta Stone, discovered in 1799 to the north of the village of Rosetta in the western Nile Delta during Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt, is famous for the crucial part it played in the decipherment of the hieroglyphic script by Jean-François Champollion in 1822. It consists of a large fragment of a grey granodiorite stela inscribed with a trilingual decree issued at Memphis by a synod of Egyptian priests, on 27 March 196 BCE, for the celebration of the anniversary of the coronation …
Date: 2013-11-01