Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

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The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(1,597 words)

Author(s): Rudolf de Jong
In a feature typical of Bedouin dialects, a short vowel a follows a morpheme-internal back spirant ( X), whenever this X is preceded by a. This type of vowel insertion had been described previously, in varying degrees of detail, by, for example, Wetzstein (1868:185–186, 191), Cantineau (1936:66), Mitchell (1960:388), and Johnstone (1964:80), before Blanc dubbed it the ‘ gahawah-syndrome’ (1970:125–127). Although known as a general characteristic of ‘Bedouin’ dialects – Blanc states that it is found “only in gāl dialects” (1970:127, n. 29) – the syndrome has been reported …
Date: 2018-04-01


(7 words)

see Ethiopia ; Ethiopic Loanwords
Date: 2018-04-01


(1,142 words)

Author(s): Samuel Rosenthall
Geminate consonants in Classical Arabic are not contrastive, i.e., there are no two monomorphemic words that contrast single and geminate consonants. Gemination of consonants, however, is associated with a number of morphological contexts. Along with cases of morphologically conditioned gemination, there are cases of phonologically conditioned gemination, occurring as a consequence of satisfying the templatic conditions of stems in Arabic (McCarthy and Prince 1990a, 1990b). The targets of morpho…
Date: 2018-04-01


(5,906 words)

Author(s): Atiqa Hachimi
  1. The nature of grammatical gender Arabic has two genders, conventionally known as feminine and masculine. It has no neutral. In general, masculine nouns are not marked for gender, but feminine nouns may or may not be marked. Every animate and inanimate noun must have a grammatical gender irrespective of whether the noun is marked or not. Gender distinction coincides with natural sex division in nouns that denote animates; thus, nouns denoting female humans and animals are feminine, while nouns denoting male…
Date: 2018-10-20

Genitive Construction

(7 words)

see Annexation ; ʾIḍāfa
Date: 2018-04-01

G (Gaballa, Hassan - glottal catch)

(1,876 words)

Gaballa, Hassan Government, Passive (Syntax), Subject Gabelentz, von der Semantic Bleaching Gabès Libya Gabès Arabic Numerals, Vowel Raising Gabrieli, Giuseppe Nisba, Proper Names, Proper Names Gabučan, Gracija Mikajelovič Ḥarf Gacek, Adam Abbreviations, Maġribī, Muḥaqqaq, Nastaʿlīq, Ruqʿa, Script and Art, T̲ulut̲ Gadalla, Hassan Nominalization Gaddafi, Colonel Muammar Political Discourse and Language Gaddo Ethiopia Gadoua, Abdulhamid H. Hamza Gaelic Language Shift: Amazigh Gaelic, East Sutherland Language Loss Gafat Etymology, South Semitic Languages, South …
Date: 2018-04-01

G (glottal co-occlusion - Gypsy language)

(1,706 words)

glottal co-occlusion glottal replacement Language Impairment glottal stop Analogy, Assimilation, Bedouin Arabic, Berber Loanwords, Bʿēri Arabic, Cairo Arabic, Child Language, Christian Middle Arabic, Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, Classicism, Convergence, Convergence, Damascus Arabic, Dialects: Classification, Diglossia, Dissimilation, First Language Acquisition, Hamza, History of Arabic, Hypercorrection, Indonesian/Malay, Indonesian/Malay, Iran, Iraq, Javanese, Jerusalem Arabic, Jordan, Jordania…
Date: 2018-04-01