Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Tense

(2,360 words)

Author(s): Uri Horesh
A controversy prevails in the study of Semitic languages, both ancient and modern, namely whether their verbal morphologies mark tense (e.g. past vs. non-past), or aspect (perfective vs. imperfective), or some combination of both. Also something of an issue are and modality, but they are not usually as problematic (or they are problematic in different ways) as tense and aspect. Arabic is consistent with other Semitic languages in its nonconcatenative morphology. Verbal and nominal forms alike are typically formed by interdigitation of consonantal roots (ideally c…
Date: 2018-04-01

Terminology

(5,478 words)

Author(s): Joseph Dichy
1. Definition Although terminological creation is governed by the same linguistic framework as common vocabulary, it is subject to specific conditions of its own. ‘Terms’ can be defined as words or phrases aiming at the designation of concepts related to a particular field of knowledge or activity. New terms can be introduced either by individuals or by a limited community, in answer to particular needs and under conditions which vary from one field to another. As a result, prime occurrence of ter…
Date: 2018-04-01

Terms of Address

(3,696 words)

Author(s): Dilworth B. Parkinson
1. Introduction The terms ‘address form’ and ‘term of address’ indicate any linguistic form used by speakers to refer to the person they are talking to (the addressee). These include pronouns, honorific ‘ pronoun substitutes’, names, nicknames, teknonyms, titles, and other words used vocatively. Arabic varieties have overt vocative markers (the most common being the particle , which occurs before the name or term), but in many instances a term may be used vocatively without the vocative particle. Terms of address are used for a variety of communica…
Date: 2018-04-01

Textlinguistics

(3,043 words)

Author(s): Said Faiq
Textlinguistics is the discipline that concerns itself with the investigation of the regularities and features of texts. Texts, as discourse realizates and irrespective of their syntactic size, are the basic units of textlinguistics. For any stretch of language to be considered a text, thus displaying full textness or textuality, it should display both text features (TFs), i.e. internal unity (cohesion) and conceptual sequence (coherence), and user features (UFs), i.e. intentionality, acceptabil…
Date: 2018-04-01

Text Processing

(7 words)

see Automatic Language Processing
Date: 2018-04-01
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