Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

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The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Wādī Ḥaḍramawt Arabic

(5,961 words)

Author(s): Abdullah Hassan Al-Saqqaf
1. General Ḥaḍramawt Arabic is an Arabic dialect spoken by the people living in Ḥaḍramawt, now a governorate in the Republic of Yemen. It is also spoken by many Yemeni emigrants, who migrated from Ḥaḍramawt to the Gulf States, particularly Saudi Arabia, and to East Africa (Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania) and Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore). This entry deals mainly with Ḥaḍramī Arabic in the Wādī region, but occasional reference is also made to Ḥaḍramī Arabic in the coastal region, especially when discussing aspects of phonotactics, a…
Date: 2020-09-01

Waḍʿ al-Luġa

(2,174 words)

Author(s): Bernard Weiss
The phrase waḍʿ al-luġa, which may be translated as ‘the founding of language’, represents a concept that is central to classical Muslim scholarly thinking about language. Language in that thinking was entirely invented. That is to say, it owed its existence to a process of deliberate assignment of patterned vocal utterances – or components of such utterances – to meanings, of ʾalfāḏ̣ (lafḏ̣) to maʿānī (maʿnā). The relationship between the utterances and the meanings was not a natural or intrinsic …
Date: 2018-04-01


(5 words)

see Pausal Forms
Date: 2018-04-01


(4 words)

see Ṣifa
Date: 2018-04-01


(4 words)

see Ṣila
Date: 2018-04-01

Weak Verbs

(5,710 words)

Author(s): Rainer Voigt
1. Introduction Apart from functional words such as ḥattā ‘until’, li- ‘to’, wa- ‘and’, all nominal and verbal forms in Arabic are made up of three or four essential elements, called radicals. Any phoneme, except the vowel a, can be the radical of a root. To give an example, in Modern Standard Arabic (Wehr 1985), the following roots can be formed from the strong consonants q and l and the so-called weak radicals (i.e. the consonantal realization of the vowel u), (i.e. the consonantal realization of the vowel i), and ʾ (glottal stop): q-u̯-l ‘to say’, q-i̯-l ‘to have a nap after dinner’, q-l-l…
Date: 2018-04-01

West Sudanic Arabic

(5,592 words)

Author(s): not-specified
1. Arabic of Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria The Arabic of Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria forms a broadly homogeneous dialect region characterized by a number of features either unique to Arabic dialects or found only rarely outside of the region (see Sec. 7). Within this homogeneity, at least two clear subdialects are discernible. In the southern fringe of the area, beginning in eastern Nigeria near the Cameroonian border and stretching through Cameroon and on to an as-yet-unresearched border in Chad is what…
Date: 2020-09-01