Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Bornu Arabic

(6 words)

see Subsaharan Africa
Date: 2018-04-01


(2,617 words)

Author(s): Mohamed El-Sharkawy
1. Introduction of Braille in the Arab world Physically, Braille is a “universally accepted system of writing used by and for blind persons and consisting of a code of 63 characters, each made up of one to six raised dots arranged in a six-position matrix or cell” ( Encyclopedia Britannica II, 465). Content-wise, Arabic is a six-dot tactile copy of its schwarzschrift (normal ink print). The system is divided into the alphabet and its subsystems, the non-alphabetical code systems of contractions, and the mathematical signs and musical notation. One interes…
Date: 2018-04-01


(1,329 words)

Author(s): Rudolf de Jong
The consonant r (or velarized ) is realized in many dialects with a degree of delay. When r directly follows the consonant in a sequence Crv, such delay may result in the realization of an intrusive vowel preceding r or . This phenomenon was termed the ‘ bukaṛa-syndrome’ by Woidich (1978). In allegro speech, however, the syndrome usually remains absent. Such bukaṛa-vowels are often heard in northern and southern Middle Egyptian dialects, including the Fayyūm oasis (see Behnstedt and Woidich 1985:maps 47–49) and in most parts of the oases…
Date: 2018-04-01