Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Khartoum Arabic

(6,078 words)

Author(s): James Dickins
  1. General 1.1 Area, range The dialect referred to in this article as Khartoum Arabic is spoken in Greater Khartoum (Khartoum, Khartoum North, and Omdurman) and in other urban areas of central Sudan, roughly to the towns of Atbara in the north, Sennar on the Blue Nile, and Kosti on the White Nile. 1.2 Speakers Sudan is a multilingual country, with Arabs making up around 40 percent of the population. Khartoum Arabic is the prestige Arabic dialect and has several million native speakers. Most of these are descendants of migrants into the cities of central Sudan during the 20th century. Table 1.…
Date: 2018-12-15

Khuzestan Arabic

(4,230 words)

Author(s): Bruce Ingham
1. General The dialect of Khuzestan is of the Southern Mesopotamian or gilit type, to follow the terminology introduced by Haim Blanc. Specifically, it is similar to the dialect of the adjoining areas of Iraq, namely south of Kūt on the Tigris and Nāṣiriyyah on the Euphrates. 1.1 Area Khuzestan is the area of southwestern Persia or Iran to the east of the Šaṭṭ al-ʿArab and generally up to the fringes of the Zagros Mountains. This area has been Arabic speaking from approximately the 17th century. The area of Khuzestan is named after the Xūz, the original inhabitants of the area at the tim…
Date: 2018-04-01

Kināya

(3,716 words)

Author(s): Joseph Dichy
1. The concept of kināya Unlike many Medieval Arabic rhetorical processes, such as istiʿāra ‘ metaphor’, kināya cannot be matched appropriately with an English trope or figure. Yet, the rhetorical processes involved are of a general nature, supporting the idea that kināya is not only a specific trope of the Arabic linguistic tradition but also a general concept of rhetoric and speech analysis (Dichy 2003). Three arguments support this assumption and at the same time account for the difficulty in investigating the meaning of the term: i.The notion that kināya represents a general rhe…
Date: 2018-04-01

Kinship Terms

(3,244 words)

Author(s): Mohammed Farghal
Kinship has always played a significant role in human societies on the political, economic, and social levels. Throughout history, people have sought refuge in biologically based bonds expressed socially through kinship relations. These relations have provided political, economic, and social security for both the individual and the group at varying levels in human culture (Farber 1968; Goody 1969). The impact of kinship bonds has generally diminished with the emergence of industrialization and u…
Date: 2018-04-01

Ki-Nubi

(5,127 words)

Author(s): Ineke Wellens
1. General About 25,000 (Ki-) Nubi speakers live scattered throughout the towns of Uganda and Kenya. Nubi is essentially a spoken language. Written literature hardly exists. Nubi, used as a lingua franca in the West Nile district in northern Uganda, has often been called an Arabic creole. (Creole Arabic). The Nubi language most likely originated in the southern Sudan. Owens (1996) suggests that before 1820 a pidgin Arabic was already in use in sub-Saharan Africa, also called the Sudan. The events that fostered the development of Nubi, however, began around 182…
Date: 2018-12-18

Kitap- Afrikaans

(6 words)

see South Africa
Date: 2018-04-01

K (ka- - Kisseberth, Charles)

(1,655 words)

ka- Berber Loanwords, Ḍamīr, Dialects: Classification, Energicus, Moroccan Arabic, Moroccan Arabic, Morocco, Prepositions Kaado Songhay ka-ʾanna ʾInna wa-ʾaxawātuhā, ʾInna wa-ʾaxawātuhā Kaapmaleiers South Africa ka-ʾayyin ʿAmal Kaʿb Khuzestan Arabic Kaba, Lansine Mali, Mali, Mali Kabha, Riad Verbal Clause Kaʿbīye Anatolian Arabic Kabrah, Rawiah S. Meccan Arabic Kabyli Berber Kabylia Algeria Kabylian Berber Afro-Asiatic Languages, Algeria, Apophony, Berber, Child Bilingualism Kabylians Language Policies and Language Planning Kachru, B. Braj English Loanwords kāda …
Date: 2018-04-01

K (Kister, Menachem J. - Kyrghyz)

(1,212 words)

Kister, Menachem J. Palaeography kitāb ʿArab kitab kuning Indonesia kitāba Cameroon Arabic Kitahara, Hisatsugu Interface Linguistics, Theta Roles Kittredge, Richard Register Kjamilev, Said H. South Semitic Languages klām ǝl-Bīḏ̣ān Ḥassāniyya Arabic Klat, Hector Nationalism and Language Klatt, Dennis H. Hamza, Interface Linguistics Kleiber, Georges Deixis Klein, Ewan Computational Linguistics Klemz Speech Accommodation Klich, Ignacio Latin America Klima, Edward Polarity Klingenheben, August Fulfulde Kluge, Eva-Maria Ḥāl Knauf, Ernst A. Old Arabic (Epigraphic),…
Date: 2018-04-01