Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Musnad

(4 words)

see ʾIsnād
Date: 2018-04-01

Muštarak

(2,042 words)

Author(s): Lidia Bettini
Muštarak (or, currently, al-muštarak al-lafḍī) is used in Arabic rhetoric and grammar to indicate the ‘homonymous polysemic word’ (lit. ‘the common one’). The question at the origin of the lexical category of muštarak is ‘how the nouns apply to the nominatum (the named things)’ (see, for instance, Ibn Fāris [d. 395/1004], Ṣāḥibī 114, bāb al-ʾasmāʾ kayfa taqaʿu ʿalā l-musammayāt). In the most general and common state of affairs, every thing gets its own noun, such as rajul ‘man’, faras ‘horse’, and so on (Ibn Fāris, Ṣāḥibī 327), but there are also single ‘things’ with many nouns,…
Date: 2018-04-01

Mutaʿaddin

(4 words)

see Taʿaddin
Date: 2018-04-01

Muʿtall

(4 words)

see ʿIlla
Date: 2018-04-01

Mutamakkin

(4 words)

see Tamakkun
Date: 2018-04-01

Mutarādif

(1,673 words)

Author(s): Lidia Bettini
The term mutarādif means ‘synonym’; in addition to this technical term, other expressions are found in Arabic medieval works: muwāfiq li- ‘corresponding to’, makāna ‘in the place of’ (Gully 1994:38–39). …
Date: 2018-04-01

Muṭāwaʿa

(5 words)

see Middle Verbs
Date: 2018-04-01

Muṭbaq

(4 words)

Date: 2018-04-01

Muwaššaḥ

(6,492 words)

Author(s): Arie Schippers
  The Appearance of the Muwaššaḥ in al-ʾAndalus: Description and Definition In Muslim Spain, the muwaššaḥ – or ‘girdle poem’ (strophic poetry in classical Arabic) – was developed from the end of the tenth century onwards together with the strophic genre of the zajal in colloquial Arabic. This colloquial was a Western Arabic dialect, which we call ʾandalusī. Although the muwaššaḥ is normally conceived in classical Arabic, we find in it quotations in colloquial Arabic and, in the last part of the poem (the xarja or ‘exit refrain’), in Romance language. Both strophic genres normally often have bilingual or trilingual characteristics, that is…
Date: 2018-04-01
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