Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

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The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(2,967 words)

Author(s): Abdulfattah Olayiwola
1. The introduction of Arabic and Islam to Nigeria In the precolonial era, the West African country now known as Nigeria was referred to as one of the countries in the Western Sudan. This reference was adopted by early Arab writers such as al-Bakrī, Ibn Xaldūn, at-Timbuktī, and as-Saʿadī. Others identified it as Bilād Tukrūr. When the European colonists came, they imposed on it the name of Nigeria. Nigeria consists of several ethnic groups and tribes speaking approximately 396 vernaculars. A few of these tribes, the Hausa, the Yoruba, and the Igbo, have gained dominance over the other…
Date: 2018-04-01

Nigerian Arabic

(6 words)

see Subsaharan Africa
Date: 2018-04-01


(2,888 words)

Author(s): Rene-Vincent du Grandlaunay
1. Introduction The term nisba refers to an adjective which is derived from a noun. The nisba is sometimes called ʾiḍāfa (Sībawayhi, Kitāb III, 335). It is first aimed at creating adjectives related to countries, tribes, cities, and persons (Ibn ʿAqīl, Šarḥ II, 471) and thus plays an important role in personal names (see Sec. 5). There are many ways in Arabic to form the nisba: (i) insertion of the infix – iyy– between the noun and the declensional ending, which is by far the most common way; (ii) insertion of the infix – āniyy–, which denotes an intensive meaning and is used today mainl…
Date: 2018-04-01

N (neutralization - Nyimang)

(1,672 words)

neutralization Algiers Arabic, Automatic Language Processing, Phonological Split neutralization of vowels Beirut Arabic Neuwirth, Angelika Sajʿ Neville, Edward Somalia Nevo, Moshe Judaeo-Arabic, Turkey New Caledonia Javanese New Nubia Educated Arabic New York City North America, North America Newbold, Douglas Nubian Newbold, F.R.S. Gypsy Arabic Newby, Gordon Darnell Judaeo-Arabic Newman, Daniel Vowel Backing Newman, Paul Hausa Newmeyer, Frederick Theta Roles news Automatic Language Processing, Discourse Analysis, 2.10, Grounding, Gulf States, Indirect Speech news → b…
Date: 2018-04-01

N (/n/, pronunciation of - neutral lexis)

(1,854 words)

/n/, pronunciation of Ḥaraka naʿal Insults nāba ʿan Impersonal Verb nabāṭ Aramaic/Syriac Loanwords, 617 Nabataea ʿArab Nabataean Arabic Greek Loanwords, Old Arabic (Epigraphic), Pre-Islamic Arabic, Thamudic Nabataean Aramaic ʿArab, Arabic Alphabet: Origin, Arabic Alphabet: Origin, Aramaic/Syriac Loanwords, Dialects: Genesis, Nasx, Northwest Arabian Arabic, Old Arabic (Epigraphic), Pre-Islamic Arabic, Syria, Thamudic, Thamudic Nabataean inscriptions Classical Arabic Nabataean Kingdom Pre-Islamic Arabic Nabataean script Arabic Alphabet: Origin, Arabic Alp…
Date: 2018-04-01