Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Thai

(1,080 words)

Author(s): Anthony Diller
The impact of Arabic on the Thai language is modest but raises issues of phonological, sociolinguistic, and historical interest. Arabic loanwords of two general types can be distinguished. One type consists of items in general Thai usage, mainly the result of early trade contact. The second type includes lexical items relating specifically to Islamic institutions and culture. The latter vocabulary would naturally be especially familiar to Thailand's Muslim population, about 3 percent of the total. In the Thai words transcribed here, colon and circumflex accent denote lon…
Date: 2018-04-01

Thamudic

(3,960 words)

Author(s): Axel Knauf
The term ‘Thamudic’ is used generically for a number of pre-Islamic Ancient Arabic scripts and languages epigraphically attested. This entry covers the same ground as Old Arabic (epigraphic), but from a different perspective. 1. Terminology and taxonomy The term ‘ Thamudic’ covers those texts in Ancient Arabic scripts and languages which are not parceled out as Hasaitic, Dedanite/Lihyanite, or Safaitic. On the same taxonomic level of these three terms are the designations Taymanite, Najdī, Ḥijāzī, or Hismaic ‘Thamudic’ (Macdonald 2000, with a slightly different terminol…
Date: 2018-04-01

Theme/Rheme

(2,282 words)

Author(s): Nadia Anghelescu
‘Theme’ and ‘rheme’ are terms of the Prague school taken over by various types of functional grammars and by pragmatic sentence analysis. They essentially refer to the two elements that make up an ordinary sentence with a binary structure: the ‘theme’ expresses old, familiar information, while the ‘rheme’ expresses new information (which, from another perspective, can be called ‘focus’). In Anglophone linguistics (including works on the Arabic language), the equivalents are sometimes considered …
Date: 2018-04-01

Theta Roles

(4,005 words)

Author(s): Mark S. LeTourneau
Theta roles (hereafter θ-roles) are the semantic roles borne by noun phrases in a sentence that designate ‘agent of action’, ‘patient of action’, and so forth. As such, they constitute an essential part of a sentence's semantic interpretation. The concept, though not the name, is used in the beginnings of Arabic grammatical study. Saad (1982:87) observes that the medieval grammarians classified sentence elements semantically, for example as fiʿl ‘action’, fāʿil ‘actor’, and mafʿūl ‘acted upon’. …
Date: 2018-04-01