Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is based on the originally a thousand-page reference work on China with a clear focus on the modern period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 21st century. Written by the world’s top scholars, Brill’s Encyclopedia of China is the first place to look for reliable information on the history, geography, society, economy, politics, science, and culture of China.

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(973 words)

Author(s): Watson, Andrew
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi province and lies in the Wei River valley at the center of the province's Guanzhong region. Like all Chinese cities, its administrative area covers the surrounding countryside. Xi'an includes seven urban districts and six subordinate counties. Its total population in 1996 was 6.6 million (2006: 7.53 million), of whom some three million lived in the urban areas. 3.9 million of the population relied on agriculture for their li…


(2,612 words)

Author(s): Christoffersen, Gaye
Xin Urumqi 99 counties, 22 cities 20.5 million inhabitants 1,660,000 km2 12 inhabitants/km2 The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (historical transliteration of Xinjiang: Sinkiang) is situated in the Central-Asian part of China, in the northwest of the country. It is the largest administrative unit in China and borders on Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Indian part of Kashmir, as well as the Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces Qinghai and G…