Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is based on the originally a thousand-page reference work on China with a clear focus on the modern period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 21st century. Written by the world’s top scholars, Brill’s Encyclopedia of China is the first place to look for reliable information on the history, geography, society, economy, politics, science, and culture of China.

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(1,554 words)

Author(s): Forster, Keith
Zhe Hangzhou 90 counties, 33 cities 49.8 million inhabitants 101,800 km2 489 inhabitants/km2 Zhejiang is a central Chinese coastal province located between 27° and 31° northern latitude and 118° and 123° eastern longitude. It adjoins Shanghai and Jiangsu to the north, Anhui to the west, Jiangxi to the southwest, Fujian to the south, and the East China Sea to the east (coast-line 2253 km). Zhejiang is the smallest Chinese mainland province. Its territory extends about 450 km both east-west and north-south. P…

Zhou Dynasty

(567 words)

Author(s): Shaughnessy, Edward L.
The Zhou dynasty was by far the longest dynastic period in Chinese history. It began in the mid-11th century BCE with the overthrow of the Shang dynasty (prehistory and protohistory) and ended with the death of the last Zhou king in 256 BCE or with the conquest of the city-state of Zhou (then called Xi Zhou) by the Qin state in 249 BCE. Many works of reference extend it until 222 BCE, when it was succeeded by the Qin dynasty. Long though the dynastic period was, the Zhou kings exercised real pow…