Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is based on the originally a thousand-page reference work on China with a clear focus on the modern period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 21st century. Written by the world’s top scholars, Brill’s Encyclopedia of China is the first place to look for reliable information on the history, geography, society, economy, politics, science, and culture of China.

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Domestic Trade

(3,305 words)

Author(s): Herrmann-Pillath, Carsten
1. Trade and Socio-Economic Structures The organization and institutions of China's domestic trade are of wide-reaching economic and socio-structural relevance. Two classical theoretical approaches with which the endogenous development of the Chinese civilization is explained are based on its analysis: 1. The hypothesis of "commercialism" (Mark Elvin and others) implies that the developmentally high level of market organization in China was an essential reason for the failure to realize an endogenous…