Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

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The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com


(2,641 words)

Author(s): Yueguo GU
Should a poll be conducted to find out what are the most distinctive features, if any, of Chinese culture against the upsurge of economic globalization, Chinese calligraphy is very likely to be one. For one thing, it capitalizes on the Chinese writing system, being one of the oldest writing systems still in use. For another, it is a visual form of art in handwriting that has been continuously practiced and treasured over 3,000 years. For proper appreciation of this ancient as well as current art…
Date: 2017-03-02


(3,203 words)

Author(s): Ivo SPIRA
A calque, also known as "loan translation", is a word or phrase that is created in (strict or loose) imitation of a model from another language, using native morphemes. The result may also be seen as a "semantic replica" (contrasting with "phonemic replicas" , usually called "loanwords"). In a narrow sense, "calque" can be used to refer only to strict imitations of the morphemic structure of the model, or it can be taken more broadly to include less strict imitations (as here). Or it could even include native creations that are semantica…
Date: 2017-03-02

Categorical Perception

(3,138 words)

Author(s): Yang ZHANG
The acoustic realization of consonants and vowels in a language is highly variable depending on the speaker, the phonological context, and the speaking rate. Categorical Perception (CP) is a mechanism to explain how the speech signal with infinite variability is perceptually mapped onto a finite set of discrete linguistic symbols. Although the initial studies only tested English materials and the research field is dominated by English-based studies, CP is considered to be a universal feature of …
Date: 2017-03-02

Causative Constructions

(4,322 words)

Author(s): Bianca BASCIANO
1. Causative Constructions A causative construction denotes a complex event referring to a causative situation, where an initial event (causing event) brings about another event (caused event); see e.g., Shibatani (1976), Comrie (1981), Parsons (1990), Kulikov (2001). From a typological point of view, causatives can be divided into: (1) analytic (or syntactic, periphrastic) causatives, which include both complex predicates and periphrastic causatives with two verbs in different clauses (Dixon 2000:…
Date: 2017-03-02