Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

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The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

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Variant Characters

(942 words)

Author(s): Imre GALAMBOS
Variant characters ( yìtǐzì 異體字) are alternate forms of the same character: 峰/峯 fēng 'mountain top', 群/羣 qún 'group, flock', 册/冊 , 裏/裡 'inside'. While the term yìtǐzì has been – and still is – used in this sense by the general public in China, modern research prefers to deemphasize the character in favor of the word it represents in context. Accordingly, a variant is defined by the word it stands for, even if one would intuitively identify it as a different character on account of graphical properties. For this reason…
Date: 2017-03-02

Vendlerian Verb Classes

(2,476 words)

Author(s): Bianca BASCIANO
Vendler (1957, 1967) proposes that verb meanings can be classified into four basic classes, known as Vendler's or Vendlerian verb classes, depending on whether they are dynamic or not and whether they are telic or not: (1) 'states', denoting static, non-dynamic, durative situations, e.g., 'know', 'hate'; (2) 'activities', which denote dynamic, durative situations without an endpoint, e.g., 'run', 'drive'; (3) 'accomplishments', which denote dynamic, durative situations with an endpoint, e.g., 'b…
Date: 2017-03-02

Verb Copying

(1,191 words)

Author(s): Lisa Lai-Shen CHENG
The term verb copying refers to the phenomenon in which we find two instantiations of the same verb in one sentence. It can be found when a sentence has a direct object as well as a postverbal adverbial constituent, which can range from duration/frequency expressions to directional, locative and resultative constituents (see Li and Thompson 1981, Tai 1999), as illustrated in (1) (examples adapted from Tai 1999). 1. a. 我睡覺睡了三個鐘頭。     Wǒ  shuì-jiào        shuì-le        sān      ge     zhōngtóu.  (Duration)     1sg  sleep-sleep   sleep-asp   three  clf  hour     ‘I slept for three hours.’   b…
Date: 2017-03-02