Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

Help us improve our service

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com


(1,860 words)

Author(s): Katia CHIRKOVA
Linguistic fieldwork refers to the activity of linguistic data collection through interaction with native-speaker consultants. Broadly speaking, it encompasses any collection of accurate data, regardless of: (1) the prior familiarity of the linguist with the language from which data are collected; (2) the whereabouts of the study – the original environment where the language is spoken or immigrant communities; and (3) the goal of the study – a comprehensive description of an entire language or a…
Date: 2017-03-02

Fifth Tone

(1,057 words)

Author(s): Zev HANDEL
“Fifth tone” is a term that has been employed in characterizations of Mandarin phonology with several different meanings. It is most commonly used to refer to the so-called neutral tone or light tone ( qīngshēng 輕聲). This term is employed in analyses that view the unstressed, short tone found in a small number of grammatical particles (e.g., the subordinating particle de [tə] 的) as a phonemic lexical tone distinct from the four basic tones of modern standard Mandarin. It is also often employed in informal descriptions of the standard Mandarin tone system…
Date: 2017-03-02

F (index)

(1,824 words)

face: Face | Grice’s Cooperative Principle from a Chinese Perspective | Illocutionary Acts of Requesting and Inviting face avoidance: Speech Perception face, Confucian philosophy: Face face, politeness: Face | Politeness face-to-face interaction: Politeness facework: Politeness facial expressions: Sign Languages, Táiwān factive presupposition trigger: Presupposition Triggers factual concessives: Concessives, Premodern factual evidential: Tibetan Language factual mood: see indicative mood falling intonation: Tone and Intonation false starts: Disfluent Speech fal…


(2,509 words)

Author(s): Rint SYBESMA
1. Definition  Just looking at a language like English, one easily gets the impression that “tensed” equals “finite” and one may wonder why we actually need two separate notions. However, taking a wider perspective, it becomes clear that tense and finiteness are different after all: not only do some languages (like Latin) have tensed infinitives, in others, such as Dravidian, finiteness is expressed through Mood rather than Tense (Amritavalli 2014), to give just two examples of the dissociation. F…
Date: 1899-12-30