Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

Help us improve our service

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

Graham, Angus C. (1919-1991)

(3,728 words)

Author(s): Rafael SUTER
Graham, Angus Charles, 1919–1991. Sinologist, philosopher, author of a dozen monographs and some 60 articles (Rosemont, ed. 1991:323–328). Born in Penarth, Wales, he spent part of his youth in British Malaya. He read Theology at Oxford, graduating in 1940. Joining the RAF during WW II, he learnt Japanese and served as an interpreter. In 1946, Graham enrolled in the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) of the University of London and graduated in Sinology in 1949. Appointed as Lecturer i…
Date: 2017-03-02

Grammaticalization and Lexicalization

(2,431 words)

Author(s): Alain PEYRAUBE
1. Grammaticalization While it is generally accepted that the word “grammaticalization” was used for the first time by Antoine Meillet (1866–1936) in 1912, the process of grammaticalization has been a well-known phenomenon for many centuries in China, at least from the 14th century, when Zhōu Bóqí 周伯琦 (1298–1369) stated that “today’s empty words are all former full words” ( jīn zhī xū zì jiē gǔ zhī shí zì  今之虚字皆古之實字; see Liú 2013). The process was later called xūhuà 虚化 ‘voiding’, before the term grammaticalization ( yǔfǎhuà 語法化) was coined in the 1980s. In fact, the tradition of…
Date: 2017-03-02

Grice's Cooperative Principle from a Chinese Perspective

(4,554 words)

Author(s): Yueguo GU
1. Grice’s Cooperative Principle in Its Original Formulation: A Synopsis In spite of its profound influence in pragmatics, it is unbelievably mundane, to quote Grice himself: Make your conversational contribution such as is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged. One might label this the Cooperative Principle. (Grice 1975:26) “Echoing Kant”, Grice elaborates the Cooperative Principle (henceforth: CP) in four “categories” or “maxims”, which can be glossed as follows: The maxim of quantity: make…
Date: 2017-03-02

Guānhuà 官話, Historical Development

(4,192 words)

Author(s): Weldon South COBLIN
The term Guānhuà 官話 'Official Language, Language of the Officials' is the traditional name for the lingua franca or koiné used in China in administrative, educated, and similar circles during the Míng (1368–1644) and Qīng (1644–1911) dynasties. The expression first appears in texts of mid-Míng times but was undoubtedly used in speech before then. The seventeenth century Dominican grammarian and lexicographer of Guānhuà, Francisco Varo (Chinese name Wàn Jìguó 萬濟國, 1627–1687), remarked that in his time two other terms, zhèngzì 正字 ('correct characters or words') and zhèngyīn 正音 (…
Date: 2017-03-02

Guànyòngyǔ 慣用語 (Idioms and Common Sayings)

(4,065 words)

Author(s): Victoria BOGUSHEVSKAYA
At present, there is no consensus among Sinologists neither on the classification of idiomatic units, nor on the Chinese equivalent for the term "idiom". Despite the more precise and commonly adopted linguistic term "common sayings", guànyòngyǔ 慣用語 are often conventionally translated into English as ‘idioms’. Semantically stable, but structurally flexible, these trisyllabic collocations constitute the second most numerous category of Chinese idiomatic units after chéngyǔ 成語. 1. Idioms: On the Problem of Definition An idiom is “a group of words established by usage as…
Date: 1899-12-30