Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

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The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

H (index)

(3,926 words)

H perspective: Speech Acts and Speech Acts Verbs H[igh] language: Diglossia habitual aspect: Aspect, Premodern habituals: Genericity Hager, Giuseppe (1757–1819): Chinese Linguistics in Italy hái 還 ‘still’: Aspectual Adverbs Hǎiānhuà 海安話 (Jiānghuái 江淮, Jiāngsū): Neutral Tone Hǎifēng 海豐 county: Shē 畲 Language Hǎikǒu 海口, tone: Tone, Music and Singing Hǎilù 海陸 Hakka (Kèjiā 客家): Táiwān: Language Situation Hǎilù 海陸 Hakka: Táiwān: Language Situation Hǎilù 海陸 Hakka (Kèjiā 客家), spoken corpus: Táiwān Spoken Chinese Corpus Hǎinán Huí: Languages and Language Families Hǎinán 海南: Austrone…

Historical Phonology

(3,379 words)

Author(s): Jingtao SUN
Research on the phonological history of a language often relies on written materials, and in this regard Chinese characters, which have been in continuous use from their creation several thousand years ago until the present, may seem to be a boon in the diachronic study of Chinese. However, Chinese characters are logographic. In other words, a character typically represents a morpheme, monosyllabic in pronunciation but giving no direct information about the phonetic make-up of the syllable. Furt…
Date: 2017-03-02

Historical Syntax

(3,398 words)

Author(s): Alain PEYRAUBE
It is essential to distinguish between the mechanisms of historical syntax and its motivations, as scholars working on historical syntax try to find answers to the following four questions: (i) What are the main mechanisms leading to grammatical change? (ii) What motivates it? (iii) What are its probable paths of progression through time? (iv) What are its end results? (Hopper and Traugott [1993] 2003:32).  1. Mechanisms of Grammatical Change The model for historical syntax presented here and developed in detail in Peyraube (2005, 2015a), has only two internal me…
Date: 2017-03-02

Hlai 黎 Languages

(3,994 words)

Author(s): Peter NORQUEST
1. General The Hlai (Chinese Lí 黎) languages comprise one of the four main branches of the Kra-Dai (also known as Tai-Kadai) phylum. They are spoken almost exclusively on Hǎinán, China, and their speakers were very likely the first inhabitants of the island. The Hlai are currently the largest "minority group" on Hǎinán, which they share with various groups of Chinese (speaking varieties of Sinitic including Hakka or Kèjiāhuà 客家話, Yuè 粵 (Dānzhōuhuà 儋州話), and Southern Mǐn 閩 (Hǎinánese), as well as o…
Date: 2017-03-02

Hmong-Mien (Miáo-Yáo 苗瑤) Languages

(3,192 words)

Author(s): Yoshihisa TAGUCHI
  The Hmong-Mien languages (also called the Miáo-Yáo 苗瑶 languages) are a genetic group of languages spoken in East and Southeast Asia that has two branches, Hmongic and Mienic. In China, these languages are spoken in Guìzhōu, Húnán, Guǎngdōng, Yúnnán, Sìchuān, Húběi, Jiāngxī, and Hǎinán Provinces, Chóngqìng City, and the Guǎngxī Zhuàng Autonomous Region. The alternative name of the language group, Miáo-Yáo, is based on the Chinese names for two ethnic groups, Miáo 苗 and Yáo 瑶. However, the ethnic identity does not correspond to the linguistic ident…
Date: 2017-03-02