Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

Syllable Structure

(4,074 words)

Author(s): San DUANMU
1. Introduction In this article “Chinese” refers generally to all varieties and dialects. The boundaries of the syllable are fairly clear in Chinese. In most cases, each Chinese written graph, 字, represents a syllable and thus syllable boundaries are unambiguous in writing. In most cases, each morpheme also corresponds to a spoken syllable, which may help speakers judge syllable boundaries whether they are literate or not. Chinese scholars have studied syllables for a long time. For example, Sūn Yán 孫炎 of the Three Kingdoms period (about 200–280) used a method, known as fǎnqi è 反切 ‘re…
Date: 2017-03-02

Syntax-Phonology Interface

(3,104 words)

Author(s): Shengli FENG
The study of the interface between syntax and phonology is a new area in modern linguistics. The term phonology in this interdisciplinary study specifically refers to prosody; it is therefore sometimes called prosodic syntax, i.e., the study of how syntax is constrained by prosody. Prosody mainly concerns suprasegmental phenomena such as mora/syllable weight or length, stress, intonation, rhythm, etc. in natural speech (Liberman 1975). Although prosody can affect the meaning of an utterance (with different stress on different elements in …
Date: 2017-03-02

Systemic Linguistics

(2,848 words)

Author(s): Guowen YANG
Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), formulated most noticeably by M.A.K. Halliday (1976, Halliday and Matthiessen 2004/2008), views language as a system of choice of meaning, that means “[a] language is a resource for making meaning, and meaning resides in systemic patterns of choice” (Halliday and Matthiessen 2008:23). Three kinds of metafunctions, that is, meanings in three modes, are defined in SFL: ideational, interpersonal, and textual. The ideational metafunction construes human experie…
Date: 2017-03-02