Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Editors: Erwin Fahlbusch, Jan Milič Lochman, John Mbiti, Jaroslav Pelikan and Lukas Vischer

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The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon. The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008 which has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present. Comprehensive, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and socio-cultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

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(3,071 words)

Author(s): Uthemann, Karl-Heinz
1. General Features G. Ostrogorsky has pointed out that Roman statecraft, Greek culture, and Christian faith are the main sources of Byzantine development. These forces found outward expression in the concentration of the Roman Empire in the East with its new center on the Bosporus. Their synthesis gave rise to Byzantium, whose inhabitants called themselves Romans. Its constitutive phase was the period from the victory of Constantine (306–37) in 324 to the claim of Constantius II (337–61) to suprem…