Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Editors: Erwin Fahlbusch, Jan Milič Lochman, John Mbiti, Jaroslav Pelikan and Lukas Vischer

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The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon. The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008 which has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present. Comprehensive, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and socio-cultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

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(1,320 words)

Author(s): Seybold, Klaus | Jeremias, Gert
1. OT From the time of W. M. L. de Wette and H. Gunkel, the term “hymn” (Gk. hymnos, corresponding in part to Heb. tĕhillâ) has been used in studies of the Psalms for psalms of praise such as Psalms 8, 19, 29, 33, 46–48, 65, 67–68, 76, 84, 87, 93, 96–100, 103–5, 111, 113–14, 117, 135–36, 145–50, as well as Exodus 15, 1 Samuel 2, Deuteronomy 33, Judges 5, Habakkuk 3, and texts from Amos 4–9 and Isaiah 40–66. Insofar as these passages are not just portions of a larger text but independent texts themselves, a threefold structure may be discerned: (1) introduction or intro…


(4,903 words)

Author(s): Stalmann, Joachim | Schalk, Carl | MacArthur, Terry
Today, the term “hymnal” refers in general to any collection of congregational songs intended primarily for use in the public worship service. Such collections are the creation of reforming movements, especially in the early 16th century. In the Reformation period hymnals frequently bore such titles as Enchiridion, Spiritual Songs, or (in the Calvinist tradition) Psalter or Psalms of David. Since the mid-18th century “hymnal” has been the common designation in both Roman Catholic and Protestant …


(6,756 words)

Author(s): Young, Carlton R.
1. Antiquity 1.1. Hellenism Hellenism produced a variety of monodic and choral songs in honor of gods and heroes, as well as individual and group epic narratives, incantations, ¶ and marriage songs, sometimes combined with dance when in a liturgical context. Later refinement led to hymns in three forms: paean (e.g., a hymn to Apollo), dithyramb (e.g., a hymn to Dionysus), and liturgical processions. The tripartite form of the Homeric hymn greatly influenced the development of classical Greek poetry and is also reflected in the hymns in the Hebrew Psalms. Until Proclus (5th cent. b.c.…


(363 words)

Author(s): Eskew, Harry
Hymnology (from Gk. hymnos) is the study of hymns, a science that is both pure and applied. Hymnology intersects with the disciplines of biblical studies (Exegesis, Biblical), theology, literature, history, biography, anthropology, musicology, and liturgy. Hymnology is connected with the mission of the church, including its worship, evangelism, and education. A related term is “hymnody,” which refers to the hymns of a particular time, place, or group. In its broadest scope, hymnology is the study of all the particular hymnodies. Hymnology includes the history and bibliogra…