Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics
Edited by: Geoffrey Khan
Associate editors: Shmuel Bolozky, Steven Fassberg, Gary A. Rendsburg, Aaron D. Rubin, Ora R. Schwarzwald, Tamar Zewi

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The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested form to the present day.
The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online features advanced search options, as well as extensive cross-references and full-text search functionality using the Hebrew character set. With over 850 entries and approximately 400 contributing scholars, the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online is the authoritative reference work for students and researchers in the fields of Hebrew linguistics, general linguistics, Biblical studies, Hebrew and Jewish literature, and related fields.

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(2,346 words)

Author(s): Dilmon, Rakefet
A lie is a linguistic message that conveys a falsehood or in which the truth is intentionally manipulated, in order to arouse in the listener a belief which he would not otherwise have held. This definition incorporates the essence of a lie (a message, oral or written), the addresser’s intention (to intentionally deceive the addressee), the modus operandi (manipulation of the truth or presentation of false information), and the desired result (the addressee will believe otherwise than he would have had he not heard the lie). If one of these components…

Lingua Franca: In the Mediterranean

(1,297 words)

Author(s): Aslanov, Cyril
Lingua Franca refers to the pidgin language used for trade throughout the Mediterranean during medieval and early modern times. The language incorporated elements from Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Greek, Turkish, and Arabic—with an occasional Hebrew element, e.g., the verb malsinar ‘to slander’, from Hebrew מַלְשִׁין malšin ‘slanderer’. The subject of Lingua Franca in the Mediterranean has enjoyed renewed interest, because it includes such fashionable concepts as hybridization, variationism, extra-European linguistics, and heteroglossia …

Lingua Franca: Jewish Studies

(479 words)

Author(s): Sadan, Tsvi
A lingua franca, or common language, plays two roles in science: it facilitates scientific communication among researchers from different linguistic backgrounds; at the same time, ironically enough, it also serves as a linguistic ‘litmus test’ for full membership in the worldwide network of scientific communication links. The past few decades have seen English established as the dominant lingua franca in many branches of science, where it has displaced languages that formerly filled this functio…

Linguistics and Hebrew

(3,061 words)

Author(s): Kirtchuk, Pablo
It is important, before going to the heart of the matter, to distinguish linguistics from philology, and within the former between linguistics as it applies to a particular language or language family and General Linguistics (henceforth GL). First, philology studies, compares, and completes texts, mostly ancient, in order to grasp cultural, literary, or other realities, whilst for a linguist a text is one of the means to explore language itself. In other words, for a philologist language is but …

List of Contributors

(825 words)

David Aaron Adina Abadi Esther Adamit Yair Adiel Galit Agmon Amir Aharoni Shmuel Ahituv Nathalie Akun Orly Albeck Emmanuel Allon Atef Alshaer Maria-Giulia Amadasi Guzzo Muhammad Amara Francis Andersen Michela Andreatta Steve Andrews Matthew Anstey Ilana Arbel Chanan Ariel Sharon Armon-Lotem Bill Arnold Werner Arnold Cyril Aslanov Dalit Assouline Chagit Avi-oz Barak Avirbach Yitzhak Avishur Ilker Ayturk Moshe Azar Sol Azuelos-Atias David Baker Noga Balaban Viktoria Banyai Moshe Bar-Asher Elitzur Bar-Asher Siegal Krzysztof Baranowski Elinaor Bareket Tali Bar Israel Bartal …

Literacy: Biblical Hebrew

(4,150 words)

Author(s): Mendel, Anat
1. Sources The main sources of knowledge about reading and writing in ancient Israel are the Bible and archaeological and epigraphic remains. So far no artistic depictions of writing or reading activities have come to light, unlike in other cultures of the ancient Near East (e.g., Egypt and Assyria). This is due to a general lack of visual depictions of everyday activities in Iron Age Israel. While some scholars have dated certain portions of the Hebrew Biblical text to periods prior to the beginning of the 1st millennium B.C.E., inscriptions found in archaeol…

Liturgy, Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls

(2,180 words)

Author(s): Mizrahi, Noam
The term ‘liturgy’ (< Greek λειτουργία ‘public service’) denotes the cultic use of texts as part of communal worship, regardless of their literary form, stylistic mode, or linguistic profile. Often it is the original, intended use of prayers, but it can also be applied secondarily to other sacred writings whose original purpose might have been different. Furthermore, it is also reflected to some degree in ‘literary liturgies’, i.e., prayer(-like) texts, often embedded in more comprehensive literary works, which were not necessarily performed by any community in cultic reality. All …

L (l (lamed) - lyric sheets, vocalization)

(5,253 words)

l (lamed)  emphatic function of Emphatic Lamed  pronunciation of Italy, Pronunciation Traditions, Tiberian Reading Tradition l- (that, which), in dative case Dative: Modern Hebrew la-xen (therefore) Result Clause: Modern Hebrew, Revival of Hebrew: Grammatical Structure and Lexicon labials Phonology: Rabbinic Hebrew, Phonology in Medieval Grammatical Thought, Shewa: Pre-Modern Hebrew labor domain words, Hebrew, in Palestinian Arabic Palestinian Arabic Political Discourse Labor party, election slogans of Political Discourse Labov, William Grounding: Biblical Hebr…