Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Dan Diner

From Europe to America to the Middle East, North Africa and other non-European Jewish settlement areas the Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture covers the recent history of the Jews from 1750 until the 1950s.

More information: Brill.com

Iaşi

(4,376 words)

Author(s): Hausleitner, Mariana
On June 29, 1941, the city of Iaşi in northeastern Romania was the scene of a pogrom that was jointly perpetrated by German and Romanian soldiers, as well as by local inhabitants. Nearly 15 ,000 Jews lost their lives in the massacre, as well as from the days-long odyssey of two trains in scorching heat. The escalating violence can largely be traced back to the fact that the city had long since developed into a bastion of Romanian antisemitism. The history of the Jews of Iaşi can therefore be int…
Date: 2019-12-16

Iconology

(3,588 words)

Author(s): Weigel, Sigrid
A term from the study of pictures (derived from the Greek  eikon, image or picture and  logos, word) introduced by the art historian and cultural theorist Aby Warburg (1866–1929) to designate his method of investigating European pictorial memory. Unlike the tradition of iconography, which studies the meaning of the symbolic, codified pictorial language of works of art, Warburg’s iconology stands for a broadening of art history into cultural history, philology, and the history of religions. It studies the afterl…
Date: 2019-12-16