Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Dan Diner

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From Europe to America to the Middle East, North Africa and other non-European Jewish settlement areas the Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture covers the recent history of the Jews from 1750 until the 1950s.

More information: Brill.com


(1,706 words)

Author(s): Schroeder, Werner
German literature publishing house founded in 1933 in Amsterdam, which offered many authors who had been banned and persecuted by the National Socialists the opportunity to continue to publish their books in German. The company, which was founded by Emanuel Querido (1871–1943) and Fritz Helmut Landshoff (1901–1988) became one of the most important German exile publishers in the second half of the 1930s. By the time of the German invasion of the Netherlands in 1940, 119 titles and the political literary monthly journal Die Sammlung, edited by Klaus Mann, were published by Querido.Pub…
Date: 2022-09-30

Question of Nationalities

(4,012 words)

Author(s): Gechtman, Roni
The so-called question of nationalities was especially pressing in the Habsburg Empire at the start of the 20th century, as the survival of the monarchy was being threatened by separatist efforts from different national, cultural, and ethnic collectives. The idea of recognizing and preserving Austria-Hungary as a multinational state was systematically reassessed in particular by the Austro-Marxists Karl Renner (1870–1950) and Otto Bauer (1881–1938). Although Renner and Bauer’s ideas hel…
Date: 2022-09-30


(2,992 words)

Author(s): Sax, Benjamin E.
Quotation is a major hermeneutic and literary-aesthetic stylistic device of Jewish traditional literature. Reference to the Holy Scripture can be found in a highly diverse range of text genres. Even in secular writing, Jewish authors resorted to quotations from traditional literature which they brought together with modern Jewish as well as non-Jewish sources, such as the literary canon of the surrounding culture. The multifarious transfer of texts, languages, and cultures becomes evident by retracing the usage of quotations. 1. Traditional literature and medieval poetryQu…
Date: 2022-09-30


(2,669 words)

Author(s): Lassner, Jacob
According to tradition, the holy text of Islam is a divine revelation to the Prophet Muhammad (570–632). For a long time, the understanding of the Quran in Christian Europe was characterized by its rejection, motivated by both religious and ideological factors. Abraham Geiger (1810–1874), one of the most prominent representatives of the Wissenschaft des Judentums, introduced a historical, source-critical approach to the study of the Quran in the 19th century. In the style of Protestant biblical …
Date: 2022-09-30