Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Dan Diner

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From Europe to America to the Middle East, North Africa and other non-European Jewish settlement areas the Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture covers the recent history of the Jews from 1750 until the 1950s.

More information: Brill.com


(4,149 words)

Author(s): von Wussow, Philipp
The idea of the Jewish people as “Übervolk” (Aḥad Ha-Am) derives from a direct transfer of Nietzsche’s term “Übermensch” to the Jewish situation. It emerged from a debate between Micha Josef Berdyczewski and Aḥad Ha-Am in the 1890s about Nietzsche and Judaism and can be seen as the linchpin of Jewish Nietzscheanism, which formed a central element of the anti-bourgeois rebellion against Jewish tradition between 1890 and 1933. Jewish Nietzscheans, from Georg Brandes and Georg Simmel to Martin Buber and Oscar Levy, played a major role in spreading Nietzschean thought throughout Europe.1…
Date: 2023-10-31