Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Dan Diner

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From Europe to America to the Middle East, North Africa and other non-European Jewish settlement areas the Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture covers the recent history of the Jews from 1750 until the 1950s.

More information: Brill.com

Yad Vashem

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Stauber, Roni
Yad Vashem (Hebr. “memorial and name”), at the  Har ha-zikaron (Mount of Remembrance), in western Jerusalem, is the central Israeli institution for the remembrance and study of the Shoah. After there had been early initiatives in the Yishuv for the creation of such a memorial during the Second World War, it was established in 1953 by an act of the Israeli parliament. The efforts to give a physical form to the institution reflect the fundamental questions of the treatment and the commemoration of th…
Date: 2023-10-31


(1,856 words)

Author(s): Pareigis, Christina
Yankele is the title of a Yiddish song published in 1936 by the Cracow poet and composer Mordechai Gebirtig (1877–1942). In the form of a conventional lullaby, it reflects the situation of Polish Jews in the 1920s and 1930s, between tradition and moving into the modern era, troubled by economic hardship and increasing antisemitism. Gebirtig also wrote songs and poems in the Cracow Ghetto. Among his most frequently performed songs, however, are those which, like Yankele, recall Jewish life in Poland before the Shoah in the style of Yiddish folk songs.1. A Yiddish folk songA collection of …
Date: 2023-10-31


(1,946 words)

Author(s): Feinberg, Anat
Yekkes is the name given in Israel to Jews who grew up under the influence of German language and culture and who immigrated to Palestine during the 1930s. The term above all aims at a specific habitus – Yekkes were said to have been shaped to a noticeable degree by middle-class culture and by the “German” formal sense of order, and rather disinclined to learn Hebrew. The initially derogatory as well as ironic connotation of the term gradually acquired a more empathetic aspect as the Yekkes disappeared in the course of demographic development.1. The term and its connotationIn the years betw…
Date: 2023-10-31


(2,596 words)

Author(s): Norich, Anita
Title character of Isaac Bashevis Singer’s (1902–1991) short story Yentl der yeshive bokher published in Yiddish in 1963 and in English (“Yentl the Yeshiva Boy”) the year before. It tells the story of a woman disguising herself as a man in order to gain entry to the male world of Torah studies. In his works, Singer, who had grown up in Poland, emigrated to the United States in 1935, and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1978,…
Date: 2023-10-31

Yeshiva University

(1,543 words)

Author(s): Ariel, Yaakov
Founded in 1945, Yeshiva University is a leading academic institution of higher education for modern Orthodoxy   in the United States, based in New York. Under the motto “Torah u-madda” (Torah and secular knowledge), the university, like its predecessor institutions dating back to the 19th century, has promoted a combination of Jewish scholarship and worldly knowledge through its curricula.Yeshiva University’s origins can be traced to two schools founded in…
Date: 2023-10-31