Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Dan Diner

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From Europe to America to the Middle East, North Africa and other non-European Jewish settlement areas the Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture covers the recent history of the Jews from 1750 until the 1950s.

More information: Brill.com


(3,551 words)

Author(s): von Rohden, Frauke
The divine imperative zakhor (“remember”) pronounced in the Bible obligates the Israelites to remember dramatic occurrences and events of their history. During Late Antiquity more recent catastrophic events were also put into a causal religious context and, consequently parallelized in the calendar. The strongest manifestation of the biblical exhortation to remember developed in the liturgy through commemorative prayers and in ritual in celebration and days of remembrance (Course of the Yea…
Date: 2023-10-31

Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft

(2,816 words)

Author(s): Thulin, Mirjam
Journal of the Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG, German Oriental Society) founded in 1847 to serve the academic community of Oriental scholars in Germany. As a former ancillary discipline of theology, Oriental studies was established as an independent discipline during the 19th century (Muslim Studies; Orient). Unlike theology and history, German Oriental studies distanced itself from contemporary politics, in research as well as in its day-to-day dealings, and it confronted Je…
Date: 2023-10-31


(2,885 words)

Author(s): Brook, Vincent
Comedy film from the year 1983 by Woody Allen who, as in many of his films, was the screenwriter, director, and lead actor at the same time. In classic documentary style,  Zelig narrates the fictitious life story of the New York Jew Leonard Zelig using archive footage, voice-over commentaries, and interviews. Zelig rose to fame in the 1920s and 1930s thanks to his chameleon-like ability to take on the physical features and personality traits of any male person with whom he comes into contact. The themes of many of Allen…
Date: 2023-10-31


(2,588 words)

Author(s): Schächter, Elizabeth
The 1923 novel La coscienza di Zeno (“Zeno’s Conscience,” 2001) about the neurotic protagonist Zeno is among the masterpieces of 20th-century European literature. Like his contemporaries Franz Kafka (Prague), Marcel Proust (Combray), and James Joyce, its author Italo Svevo (1861–1928) became one of the most important representatives of European literary modernism. Svevo’s main œuvre comprises the three novels Una Vita (1892; “A Life,” 1963), Senilità (1898; “As a Man Grows Older,” 1932), and La coscienza di Zeno. Born Aron Hector Schmitz in Trieste, he adopted the pseu…
Date: 2023-10-31