Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Dan Diner

From Europe to America to the Middle East, North Africa and other non-European Jewish settlement areas the Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture covers the recent history of the Jews from 1750 until the 1950s.

More information: Brill.com

Czernowitz

(2,989 words)

Author(s): Hainz, Martin A.
Czernowitz, the capital city of Bukovina in the Carpathian foothills, became a place of ethnic complexity as part of the Habsburg Empire. Different languages and cultures coexisted in a largely peaceful manner. The peak periods in the city’s changeable history are closely linked with those of the German-speaking Jewish community there. Although Jewish life in Czernowitz and Bukovina came to an end with the deportations between 1940 and 1944 and the Soviet rule that followed, the memory …
Date: 2018-11-16

Czernowitz Language Conference

(2,237 words)

Author(s): Estraikh, Gennady
The aim of the Yiddish language conference held in Czernowitz in 1908 was to develop Yiddish, the language of Ashkenazi Jews, into a standard language and give it validity as a national language of the Jews. Nathan Birnbaum (1864-1937) initiated the conference as part of his project of establishing a secular Yiddish-speaking nation in Europe. Even though the wider objectives of the conference were not achieved, it provided the essential impetus for the establishment of institutions for scholarly work with the Yiddish language and the cultivation of the Yiddish culture. 1. Hebraism…
Date: 2018-11-16