Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Dan Diner

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From Europe to America to the Middle East, North Africa and other non-European Jewish settlement areas the Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture covers the recent history of the Jews from 1750 until the 1950s.

More information: Brill.com


(2,743 words)

Author(s): Wagner, Thomas
In the Bible, the name Israel (Hebr. Yisraʾel) designates both the nation or community and the Promised Land ( erets Yisraʾel). From its first attestations in biblical and ancient Near Eastern sources to the naming of the modern state, the meaning of the concept shifted several times. 1. Origin and meaning 1.1 EtymologyThe Hebrew word for Israel –  Yisraʾel – is composed of the suffix “ ʾel” and a predicate. The appended “ ʾel” is the personal name of the venerated God. This is indicated by the designation “El, the God of Israel” in Genesis 33:20. By means of the pre…
Date: 2020-05-12

Israelite Central Consistory

(1,820 words)

Author(s): Haus, Jeffrey
The Israelite Central Consistory (Consistoire Central Israélite) was founded pursuant to Napoleon’s decree of 1808. While the Infamous Decree ( Décret infâme) reduced the Jews’ civil rights at that same time, the establishment of the central consistory elevated Judaism to the status of a third nationally recognized religion in France, after Catholicism and Protestantism. As a state-supported institution, the consistory regulated Jewish affairs in France until the final separation of church and state in 1905/1906.1. Duties and structureThe Israelite Central Consistory he…
Date: 2020-05-12

Israelitische Allianz zu Wien

(1,078 words)

Author(s): Siegel, Björn
An organization founded in 1873 that saw its sphere of activity chiefly in the eastern regions of the Habsburg Empire and the neighboring Eastern European countries. The Israelitische Allianz zu Wien campaigned for the propagation of modern education and emancipation. In the face of extreme crisis situations, it also organized help for Jewish emigrants. Supported by the reform-oriented Jewish religious community of Vienna, the association aspired to lead a strengthened and united Habsbu…
Date: 2020-05-12