Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Subject: Jewish Studies

Executive Editor: Norman A. Stillman

The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online (EJIW) is the first cohesive and discreet reference work which covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval, early modern and modern periods. The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online is updated with newly commissioned articles, illustrations, multimedia, and primary source material. 

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Qimḥī, Joseph ben Isaac

(791 words)

Author(s): José Martínez Delgado
Joseph ben Isaac Qimḥī was born in al-Andalus around 1105. After the Almohad invasion, he fled with his family to Provence, settling in the area of Narbonne, specifically in Languedoc. There he dedicated himself to teaching and was known as Maistre Petit. He had many important disciples, among them his sons Moses (known as Remaq) and David (Radaq) and Joseph ibn Zabarra. In his writings, Qimḥī often and with appreciation cites Abraham ibn Ezra, who is known to have visited Provence while Qimḥī was there, as well as other European communities, but little is known fo…

Qimḥi (Kamḥi), Solomon Ben Nissim

(326 words)

Author(s): D Gershon Lewental
Solomon ben Nissim Joseph David Qimḥi was a rabbi who sparked an anti-Karaite dispute within the Jewish community of Istanbul during the mid-nineteenth century. Qimḥi was born into a noted family of scholars, dating back to the Iberian Peninsula and Provence, but little is known about his personal life. He was a follower of  Rabbi Isaac ben Abraham Akrish(d. 1888?), the leader of an anti-modernist movement in Istanbul. Akrish’s influence undoubtedly prompted Qimḥi’s publication of Melekhet Shelomo (The Work of Solomon; Salonica, 1862), a  pamphlet declaring that the Karaites we…

Qimḥi/Qamḥi family

(539 words)

Author(s): Yaron Ben Naeh
The Qimḥi (Qamḥi, Kimḥi) family, a noted rabbinical family in the Ottoman Empire over several centuries, produced many important scholars. Judah Qimḥi was the father of Abraham and Ḥayyim. Also known are Raphael, Samuel, and Israel Ḥayyim. Samuel was the father of Rabbi Jacob Qimḥi (Istanbul, ca. 1720–London, 1800). Abraham ben Judah Qimḥi (d. 1722) was the head of a religious court and a chief rabbi in Istanbul during the 1720s. Raphael Israel ben Joseph Qimḥi was born in Istanbul and was a disciple of Ḥayyim Alfandari. He followed his teacher to Safed in 1713 and there also st…

Qirqisānī, Jacob al-

(2,877 words)

Author(s): Fred Astren
Jacob al-Qirqisānī(Abū Yūsuf Ya‘qūb ibn Isḥāq ibn Sama‘wayh al‑Qirqisānī) was a Karaite polymath whose major extant work, Kitāb al-Anwār wa ʾl-Marāqib (Book of Lights and Watchtowers), was written in 937. Little is known about his life, although his nisba indicates Qarqisiyyah (the ancient town of Circesium) on the eastern bank of the Euphrates near its confluence with the Khābūr River. Some of his writingsmay have been based upon personal experience, including travel in Persia and India.  His Kitāb al-Anwār wa ʾl-Marāqib is a massive work that includes law, exegesis, philo…

Qiṣṣa-yi Dāniʾel

(198 words)

Author(s): Dan D.Y. Shapira
Qiṣṣa-yi Dāniʾel (Pers. The Story of Daniel), known in Hebrew (though unattested before the nineteenth century) as Maʿase Dan’iel, is a Judeo-Persian apocalyptic text based on the Book of Daniel, possibly going back to an Aramaic Vorlage. It was edited and translated by Zotenberg (1869), from whose text a Hebrew translation was made by A. Kaplan. It was also translated in part by Darmesteter (1887) and now by Shapira (1999). The manuscript, currently kept in Paris, was produced in Lār before 1600, but the language is more archaic than that used by …