Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Executive Editor: Norman A. Stillman

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The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online (EJIW) is the first cohesive and discreet reference work which covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval, early modern and modern periods. The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online is updated with newly commissioned articles, illustrations, multimedia, and primary source material. 

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Ryvel (Raphaël Lévy)

(361 words)

Author(s): Josiane-Elise Tubiana
Ryvel was the pen-name of Raphaël Lévy. Born in 1898 in Tunis into a family of Galician origin that had lived for a time in Austria and then had settled in Gibraltar and Tunis around the beginning of the nineteenth century, Lévy was educated at the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) school in Tunis, then earned his teacher’s certification at the Ecole Normale Israélite Orientale (ENIO) in Paris. He became an AIU teacher and eventually the director of AIU schools in Tunisia and Morocco. In addition, he created the Popular Jewish University where he gave lectures on literary topics.Using th…