Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

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In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(5,157 words)

Author(s): Lisbet Christoffersen
I. Social Facts Since the 1980s the Danish population has increased due to immigration, and has now reached 5.6 million people. Around 0.5 million people are immigrants from more than 200 different countries; more than 100,000 are descendants of immigrants. Among the immigrants, two thirds keep their original citizenship; among the descendants, two thirds change their citizenship to Danish. Thus the religious landscape in Denmark is changing. One generation ago, 97% of the population belonged to the Danish Evangelical Lutheran National Church (Folkekirk…