Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

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In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

(662 words)

Author(s): David McClean
I. Historical, Legal, and Social Background Claimed by Argentina and known in Spanish as Las Islas Malvinas, and occupied at various times by British, French, Spanish, and Argentine settlers, the Falkland Islands has been under British control since 1834 and a colony since 1841. It was occupied by Argentina (along with South Georgia) for some three months in 1982. In a referendum in 2013, 99.8% of voters wished to remain a British territory; Argentina does not recognize the referendum as lawful. The 2012 census showed that the total usual resident population was 2,932 person…

Faroe Islands

(1,110 words)

Author(s): Lisbet Christoffersen
I. Social Facts The Faroe Islands are in the Atlantic Sea, north of Britain, west of Norway, and south of Iceland, with nearly 50,000 inhabitants, with 20,000 other Faroe Islanders living abroad. Of these, 83% are members of the Faroese Folkchurch, which is an Evangelical-Lutheran established church; 10% belong to the influential Plymouth Brethren, established in 1880 by Scottish missionaries (low-church, no baptism of small children); 3-5% belong to other Christian groups (Pentecostals, Adventists…