Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

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In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(1,504 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu
I. Social Facts  The Gabonese Republic is an equatorial African country with an estimated population of 1.7 million people. Approximately 73% of the population adheres to Christianity. Two-thirds of Christians are Roman Catholics while the remaining third is mostly Evangelical Christians. Other Christian groups include the Christian Alliance Church, the Assembly of God, and Seventh-day Adventists who mostly reside in the far northern regions of Gabon. Some Christians incorporate elements of traditional religions into their religious practice. About 10% of the population …

Gambia, The

(2,638 words)

Author(s): Johannes Buabeng-Baidoo
I. Social Facts The Republic of The Gambia has a population of about 1.74 million inhabitants, consisting of a variety of ethnic groups each maintaining its own language and traditions. The Mandika people form the largest ethnic group, followed by the Fula, Wollof, Jola, and Serahule. About 90% of the population is Muslim. The majority of the Muslim population are Sunni, constituting more than 90% of the Muslim population. The minority Muslim communities include the Ahmadiyya, the Tijani, the Bai Faal, and the Mourits Muslim communities. Christians and other religions make up the…


(4,292 words)

Author(s): Ryan Andersen
I. Social Facts The Republic of Georgia is a predominantly urban, low-income, and Orthodox Christian society. The largest city in Georgia is the capital Tbilisi. Roughly 20% of the population resides in Tbilisi, and over half of the Georgian population lives in urban areas. The median income is approximately USD 6,100, and approximately one third of Georgians between ages 15 and 24 are unemployed. The largest religious group in the Republic of Georgia is the Georgian Orthodox Church. Orthodox Christianity, including the Armenian, Georgian, and Russian Orthod…


(12,414 words)

Author(s): Gerhard Robbers
I. Social Facts Within Germany there are two major churches which are nearly equal in size and importance. The German population amounts to about 81.7 million in total; the Roman Catholic Church has about 25.4 million members, while the Protestant Church has 24.8 million members. The Protestant Church consists of numerous separate territorially based churches ( Landeskirchen), each of these churches being an independent unit. Together they form the Evangelical Church in Germany. There are also a number of smaller Protestant churches that have chosen …