Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

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In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(6,097 words)

Author(s): Nico Horn
I. Social Facts The Namibia 2011 census enumerated 2,104,900 persons in total. Since independence in 1990, the national census has not included religious demographics. In the 1990s Namibia was the African country with the highest percentage of Christians. More than 90% of the population identified themselves as Christians, according to Operation World research. At independence, Namibia was the only African country with a Lutheran majority. More than 50% of all Namibians belong to one of the three L…


(1,988 words)

Author(s): David Eichert
I. Social Facts Roughly 9,500 individuals live on the small Micronesian island of Nauru. 60% of the population is Protestant, with the Nauru Congregational Church being the largest religion on the island with 35% of the population. Other Protestant congregations include the Assembly of God (13%), the Nauru Independent Church (9.5%), Baptists (1.5%), and Seventh-day Adventists (0.7%). There is also a large Roman Catholic population on the island, comprising 33% of the population. Ethnic Chinese resi…

Navassa Island

(9 words)

Author(s): not-specified
forthcoming Not Specified Bibliography  


(3,752 words)

Author(s): Jan Niklas Klein
I. Social Facts The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal has a population of approximately 27 million characterized by a diverse society, consisting of various groups with different cultural and racial backgrounds. There are ten types of religion categories reported in the 2011 National Population and Housing Census. Hinduism is the dominant religion with 81.3% of the population. Buddhism is practiced by 16%, Kirat by 5.1%, Islam by 4.4%, and Christianity by 1.4%. The population of each of the rema…


(8,393 words)

Author(s): Sophie C. van Bijsterveld
I. Social Facts The Netherlands traditionally is a religiously diverse country. In the past, religious diversity manifested itself predominantly through the variety of Protestant denominations within Christianity. Current religious diversity spans the spectrum of world religions, both traditional and new. In 2014, the Dutch population amounted to about 16.9 million in total according to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Figures from the research institute KASKI of 2012 show that the number of…

New Caledonia

(10 words)

Author(s): not-specified
See France. Not Specified Bibliography  

New Zealand

(5,106 words)

Author(s): Bill Atkin | Sean K. Brennan
I. Social Facts As of 2013, the population of New Zealand was 4.2 million. Maori, the indigenous population, include around 598,000 people, the dominant ethnicity being New Zealand European with 2.9 million. Other major ethnic groups include the Asian populations (471,000) and Pacific peoples (295,000). Christianity dominates the religious landscape constituting just under 2 million people. The primary Christian denominations include Anglican (459,000), Roman Catholic (491,000), Presbyterian (316,000), and Methodist (97,000). All the major…