Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

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In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(1,620 words)

Author(s): Charles Ladbrooke and Others
I. Social Facts Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman, is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula with an estimated population of 3.6 million. Approximately 88% of the population adheres to the Islamic faith, including Ibadi, Sunni, Shi’a, Twelver, and Zaydi Muslims. Oman is unique in the sense that Ibadi Muslims are far more numerous than Sunni or Shi’a. An estimated 71% of Omani Muslims are Ibadis. Sunni Muslims are mostly found in Sur and in Dhofar, falling in the so-called “Sunni belt” that stretches into Yem…