Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(8 words)

Author(s): not-specified
See Akrotiri and Dhekelia. Not Specified

Akrotiri and Dhekelia

(845 words)

Author(s): David McClean
I. Historical, Legal, and Social Background Administered as a single British Overseas Territory, Akrotiri and Dhekelia are two “sovereign base areas” on the island of Cyprus retained by the United Kingdom when Cyprus gained independence in 1960. There are some 16,000 inhabitants, about half of whom are British military or air force personnel and their families. There is a system of courts but no legislature; Ordinances are made by the Administrator. Under Article 5 of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrot…


(5,070 words)

Author(s): Krenar Loloçi
I. Social Facts Albania is a country where many religious traditions coexist. Although a majority of Albanians identify themselves as of the Muslim faith (57% of the population, according to a census done in 2011), Albania remains a country of a diversity of faiths, which, together with the harmony that characterizes their coexistence, constitute the main defining features of religion in Albania and the realization of the rights of religious organizations and communities as well as individuals. The…


(13,420 words)

Author(s): Mouloud Boumghar
I. Introduction The relationship between law and religion has been ambivalent since the origin of the contemporary Algerian State. Historians see Islam as one of the most important driving forces behind the Algerian National Movement (Harbi, 1975, 67-73), which led to independence. The reference to Islam appears to be an obligatory marker in the drafting of the most important political and legal texts. In parallel, the drafters of both the political texts of the National Movement and the legal tex…

American Samoa

(9 words)

Author(s): Projects Manager
forthcoming Projects Manager Bibliography  


(2,084 words)

Author(s): Abby McKeon
  I. Social Facts There are approximately 85,580 people in Andorra and the predominant religion is Roman Catholicism. Over time, small percentages of other religious groups have emerged and the government now recognizes ten religious communities that make up the Interfaith Dialogue Group: the Roman Catholic Church, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, the Jewish community, the Anglican Church, the Bahá’í community, the Unification Church, the New Apostolic Church, other Christian communities including …


(2,749 words)

Author(s): Ryan Andersen
I. Social Facts  The Republic of Angola occupies an area of 1.25 million square kilometers in southwest Africa between Namibia, Zambia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Angola’s population is approximately 24.3 million, the majority of whom belong to the Ovimbundu, Kimbundu, and Bakongo ethnic groups. Mestizo and European-descended Angolans comprise approximately 4% of the population. While Portuguese is the Republic of Angola’s official language, the majority of Angolans speak Bantu and o…


(1,390 words)

Author(s): David McClean
I. Historical, Legal, and Social Background What is now the British Overseas Territory of Anguilla came under British control in the 17th century and British sovereignty was confirmed by the Treaty of Breda 1666 after a period of French occupation. Until 1969, Anguilla was always administered as part of another jurisdiction and in 1957 became part of the Associated State of St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. Anguilla effectively withdrew from that State in 1969. The authority of the United Kingdom was re…


(8 words)

Author(s): not-specified
forthcoming Not Specified Bibliography  

Antigua and Barbuda

(2,717 words)

Author(s): Mark Hill QC | Thomas Jones
I. Social Facts Antigua and Barbuda consists of two principal islands, along with a series of smaller uninhabited islands which include Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden, and York, together with the Redonda Islands. The largest islands collectively cover an area of 281 sq. km. The population is approximately 89,000. The capital city is Saint John’s, on the Island of Antigua, which has a population of 24,200. According to the 2011 census, 74% of the population consider themselves to be Christian. 26% of the population is Anglican, representing the largest …