Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(4,891 words)

Author(s): Javid Gadirov
I. Social Facts The population of the Republic of Azerbaijan amounts to 9.3 million (2012), of which about 99% identifies itself as Muslim. Estimates are that from 65 to 80% of the Muslim population is Shia (mostly Twelver school), while others are Sunni (mostly Hanafi school). Significant non-Muslim minorities are Russian Orthodox Christian and Jewish communities. The population of the Nagorno-Karabakh region, which is de facto outside the control of authorities, predominantly follows the Armenian Apostolic Church. According to the State Committee for Work w…