Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

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In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(2,979 words)

Author(s): Saif Mahmood
I. Social Facts The estimated population of the Kingdom of Bhutan is about 742,000. Approximately 541,000 (about 73%) of Bhutanese practice the Drukpa Kagyupa or Ningmapa Buddhism, both of which are disciplines of Mahayana Buddhism. Approximately 185,000 (about 25%) are ethnic Nepalese and practice Hinduism. Christians (both Roman Catholic and Protestant), followers of Bön (a shamanistic sect), and nonreligious groups together comprise 7,400 (about 1%). In 2009, the Pew Research Center estimated that 1% of the Bhutane…