Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(4,467 words)

Author(s): Pag-yendu M. Yentcharé
I. Social Facts Chad is a secular country, located in the heart of Africa. It is bounded on the east by Sudan, on the south by the Central African Republic, on the north by Libya, and on the west by Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria. It has an estimated 11,193,452 inhabitants and is composed of both African peoples (Hausa, Kirdis, Fulani, Toubou, and Sara) and Arabs. Religion is particularly important in the country, since people with no religion represent less than 3.1% of the total population. The most practiced religion in Chad is undoubtedly Islam, with 55.1% of the population. A…


(9,827 words)

Author(s): Ana María Celis Brunet
I. Social Facts Like other countries in Latin America formerly conquered by Spain, Chile preserves the influence of Catholicism, which constitutes the main belief at a national level. According to the last Census (2012), the country’s population amounts to 16,341,929 inhabitants of whom more than 40% live in the capital city. The question about religion is asked only to people over 15 years old, or 12,817,258 people. Despite the fact that there is some uncertainty about the last Census due to the new methodology employed, it provides useful information. It must…


(12,082 words)

Author(s): Carl Hollan
I. Social Facts China boasts one of the largest populations in the world, with most recent population estimates falling somewhere near 1.35 billion people. However, determining the number of religious adherents in China is difficult. First, as will be a theme that runs through the majority of religious issues in China, it is difficult to define “religion” in China. One prototypical, ongoing debate concerns whether Confucianism can be considered a religion or merely a social code. Many Chinese citiz…

Christmas Island

(23 words)

Author(s): not-specified
See Australian External Territories (Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos [Keeling] Islands, Norfolk Island). Not Specified Bibliography  

Clipperton Island

(10 words)

Author(s): not-specified
See France. Not Specified Bibliography